First, there were many of the surrounding peoples with hostility toward Tenochtitlan. By August 13th, 1521, the Aztec empire was He is a former head writer at VIVA Travel Guides. Cortez sent a ship back to Spain to deliver letters and Aztec treasure to the This paper is aimed at examining three primary documents that can throw light on the Spanish Conquest of the Aztec Empire. After Montezuma II was killed the Aztecs elected Cuauhtemoc as … It is very likely that Tenochca power would have been in trouble by the middle The smallpox weakened the Aztec cities around Tenochtitlan which soon fell to the Spanish and made it possible for the Spaniards to lay siege to Tenochtitlan. Conquistadors were replaced by bureaucrats and colonial officials, and Mexico would be a Spanish colony until it began its fight for independence in 1810. Pre-Columbian civilizations - Pre-Columbian civilizations - Aztec culture to the time of the Spanish conquest: At the time of the Spanish conquest the dominant people of Meso-America were the Aztec. This wealth made Spain a world power and involved them in wars and conquests around the globe. almost became friends. The siege was characterised by a series of brutal and chaotic fights along the waterways and within the City precincts of Tenochtitlan as the Spaniards sought to establish control over the City whilst the Aztecs feverishly defended it. completely dismantled the Aztec Empire and in the process gained control of those who were fighting for their own freedom. By using 150,000 of these native peoples and 9,000 of his own troops, Cortez In general, the conquest displayed the impact of European exploration on the New World and the outcomes of the Age of Exploration . In 1535, Charles V the Holy Roman Emperor (who was as the King of Spain known as Charles I), named the Spanish nobleman Don Antonio de Mendoza the first Viceroy of New Spain. The Spanish Conquistadors came armed with cannons, crossbows, lances, fine Toledo swords and firearms, none of which had ever been seen by Native warriors before. The Spanish Conquest impacted the Aztec society’s beliefs and way of life. It opened new doors by broadening economic and political gain. The Spanish introduced horses, cattle, sheep and pigs to the American continents. Cortes came into the city and destroyed it. spanish word for "conqueror" Hernán Cortez-leader of the spanish conquest to mexico In 1519, conquistador Hernan Cortes landed on Mexico's Gulf coast and began an audacious conquest of the mighty Aztec Empire. In the Mesoamerican world, when one culture conquered another - which happened frequently - the winners imposed their gods upon the losers, but not to the exclusion of their original gods. The Aztec empire was a wealthy and a well-organized society. The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire was one of the most significant events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.The campaign began in February 1519, and was declared victorious on August 13, 1521, when a coalition army of Spanish forces and native Tlaxcalan warriors led by Hernán Cortés and Xicotencatl the Younger captured Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire. Conquest of the Aztec Empire Part I. Hernán Cortés was born in Seville in 1485. First, conquered peoples began to revolt all over the territories. The Aztecs and the Spanish Conquest for GCSE (I) This is Part 1 of the full version of our resource for the Historical Association. One hundred years later, a united Spain was a European powerhouse. Christopher Minster. Here are some of the many consequences of the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs and their lands. He did it through a combination of luck, courage, political savvy and advanced tactics and weapons. This description is based primarily on written documents from the 16th century but also includes some archaeological data. Aztec spies reported that these men were called Spaniards. They decided to kill two birds with one stone by implementing the encomienda system. After the Spanish conquest, agricultural farming increased to trade agricultural goods with other colonies. Spell. Moctezuma, then emperor of the Aztecs, had authority over about 5 million people in much of the territory that is now known as Mexico. Our course will explore the other side of this turning point in world history: the Aztecs' troubled rise to power and how they first repulsed the Conquistadores; how their descendants survived the Spanish empire; and how, still (if not for much longer), they maintain features of the ancient tradition today. This major victory marked the beginning of the Spanish Empire in the Americas. By August of 1521, the glorious city of Tenochtitlan was in ruins. Two of them have been written by Spanish authors, namely Cortez (1986) and Diaz (1956), whose letters and books can be of great value to historians. After the successful conquest of the Aztecs, Hernan Cortes and subsequent colonial bureaucrats were faced with two problems. so they were desperate. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. By 1680, 94% of the Aztec population had died. Between 1519 and 1521, Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, overthrew the Aztec Empire. Through the lands they had conquered and the rebellions they crushed, the Aztecs had encouraged many rivals, who wanted them removed. The Aztecs governed a collection of city-states and peoples who paid taxes to Tenochitilán. Cortés helped old enemies of the Aztecs defeat them in one of the most important events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Cortes sent his first shipment of Aztec gold back to Spain in 1520, and from that moment, the gold rush was on. Picture 1 shows Aztecs growing crops to sell with other colonies. Moctezuma II and Cortes met and When Cortés arrived Tenochtitlán , capital of the Aztec empire, was a city with a population of 200,000 inhabitants. In 1519, conquistador Hernan Cortes landed on Mexico's Gulf coast and began an audacious conquest of the mighty Aztec Empire. ...The Spanish conquest of the Aztecs in 1521, led by Hernando Cortes, was a landmark victory for the European settlers. Moctezuma II From 1518-1521, Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes and his army brought down the mighty Aztec Empire, the greatest the New World had ever seen. The Spanish Conquest Of The Aztec History Essay. The Spanish verb encomendar means "to entrust" and the system worked like this: a conquistador or bureaucrat was "entrusted" with vast lands and the Natives living on them. Some were successful, like Francisco Pizarro's conquest of the Inca Empire in western South America, but most were failures, like Panfilo de Narvaez' disastrous expedition to Florida in which all but four men out of over three hundred died. Mexico and the Caribbean soon filled with desperate, ruthless soldiers looking to take part in the next great conquest. The took potatoes, tomatoes, beans and maize The disease arrived on the shores of Mexico with one of the members of Panfilo de Narvaez' army in 1520 and soon spread; it even reached the Inca Empire in South America by 1527. Cortés became worried that some of his crew would steal his ships and desert him so he sunk his fleet before marching to Tenochtitlan. Terms in this set (14) La Conquista. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Aztec Empire - Spanish Conquest webquest print page. This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. By August of 1521, the glorious city of Tenochtitlan was in ruins. back to Europe. Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs. On his way to the Aztec city of Tenochtitlán, Cortés fought and conquered the Aztec's enemies, the Tlaxcallans, and added their warriors to his own army. The book is structured under three main events: the resources that Miguel Portilla used to describe this town and their culture, the resistance of the Aztecs and the global reaction after the heralded Spanish conquest. was wiped out. Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire Bernal Díaz del Castillo memorial, in Medina del Campo ( Spain ) Bernal Díaz del Castillo (c. 1496 – January 1584) was a Spanish conquistador , who participated as a soldier in the conquest of Mexico under Hernán Cortés and late in his life wrote an account of the events. The Aztecs were looking for ways to immobilize or injure their enemies with the help of weapons made of organic materials to capture them. The gold and other Aztec gifts only made the Spaniards want more of the new world riches. ruined and Spanish rule soon spread throughout the newly gained land. Third, Cortez and his men knew they had come into Mexico against orders Cortes soon reached Lake Texcoco and was greeted by Moctezuma II. Flashcards. in sugar and other grains. Cortes' defeat of the Aztec Empire had many ramifications, not the least of which was the eventual creation of the nation we know as Mexico. Although much of the original gold looted from the Aztec Empire was lost to shipwrecks or pirates, rich silver mines were discovered in Mexico and later in Peru. In reality, the encomienda system was thinly-disguised enslavement and millions died in unspeakable conditions, particularly in mines. The vanquished culture kept their temples and their gods, and often welcomed the new deities, on the grounds that their followers' victory had proven them strong. king, Carlos V, he burned their ships and set off on horses to Tenochtitlan. The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire is not only one of the most significant events in the early exploration and conquest of the Americas, but also one of the most significant events in world history. Created by. When Cortes fleet landed on the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico The deterioration of relations between the Spanish and Aztec in Tenochtitlan was due to an attack ordered by Pedro de Alvarado on an Aztec festival. Cortes' successful conquest of Tenochtitlan and the Aztecs allowed Spain to soon assert dominance over the entirety of the Aztec Empire. STUDY. The Broken Spears of Miguel León Portilla, describes the Spanish conquest of Mexico and the struggle of the Aztecs to protect their cultural space in those times. The Aztec outnumbered the Spanish, but that didn't stop Hernán Cortés from seizing Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, in 1521. In South America, the legend of El Dorado - a lost city ruled by a king who covered himself in gold - persisted into the nineteenth century.  Â. Others were enslaved, driven from their homes, or forced to endure starvation and rapine. Both civilizations had a different way of waging war. The name "N… In our previous animated historical documentary we have covered the Rise of the Aztecs. Conquistadors routinely destroyed temples inhabited by "devils" and told the Natives that their god was the only one and that to worship their traditional deities was heresy. Following the Spanish arrival in Mexico, a huge battle erupted between the army of Cortes and the Aztec people under the rule of Montezuma. name given to Spanish conquest to the Americas. Second, the Aztecs had nothing like formal military strategy; wars were It was an empire that people from Europe had never seen before. Mendoza was entirely loyal to the Spanish crown, unlike the conqueror of Mexico Hernán Cortés, who had demonstrated that he was independent-minded and defied official orders when he threw off the authority of Governor Velázquez in Cuba. the Aztecs for several reasons. Moctezuma II was suspicious, but decided to send gifts of gold to the Spanish leader Hernan Cortes. When the city of Tenochtitlan fell, the remainder of Mexico fell very rapidly. The Spanish victory over the Aztec Empire was a victory against all numerical odds. The Population of the New World was Decimated, It Brought Forth the Vile Encomienda System, 10 Notable Spanish Conquistadors Throughout History, 8 Important Figures in the Conquest of the Aztec Empire, Important Events in the Conquest of the Aztec Empire, Armor and Weapons of the Spanish Conquistadors, Biography of Hernán Cortés, Ruthless Conquistador, Spain's American Colonies and the Encomienda System, 10 Facts About the Conquest of the Inca Empire. The topic of this essay is to find out if the Spanish Conquest of the Americas had a significant impact on the Aztecs. The second was how to rule large swaths of conquered land. The Spaniards camped at what is now Veracruz. was suspicious, but decided to send gifts of gold to the Spanish leader Hernan Cortes. And pigs to the Atec weapons both civilizations had a significant period for the Spanish but was popular! Viva Travel Guides important events in the 1st body paragraph Spanish colonization of the Aztec.! 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