[20] It is rumoured that Italian and German POWs were held in the town, the Italians in a camp at Sullatober mill, and Germans at Sunnylands.[21]. Full view . This in part led to its decline in importance as the province of Ulster grew. [10] The castle, which is the most prominent landmark of Carrickfergus, is widely known as one of the best-preserved Norman castles in Ireland. The first fortifications were constructed here in 1178 by John de Courcy for King Henry, who was in the midst of sending Anglo-Norman invaders to Ireland. Carrickfergus (from Irish: Carraig Fhearghais [ˌkaːɾˠəɟ ˈaɾˠɣəʃ], meaning "Fergus' rock")[3] is a large town in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Carrickfergus Castle is an excellent example of a Norman castle in Northern Ireland. They were sentenced to a year in prison and four sessions in the pillory. Courtaulds operated a large rayon works there until the 1980s. Location. [14], In 1637 the Surveyor General of Customs issued a report compiled from accounts of customs due from each port and their "subsidiary creeks". The center of the castle is the keep, in which exhibitions divulge intriguing details of medieval life. [4] It is County Antrim's oldest town and one of the oldest towns in Ireland as a whole. According to one tale, his ship ran aground on a rock by the shore, which became known as "Carraig Fhearghais" – the rock of Fergus. Carrickfergus is covered by the East Antrim constituency, whose MP is Sammy Wilson of the DUP. [9][10], The Battle of Carrickfergus, part of the Nine Years War, took place in and around the town in November 1597. Eight years later, the Anglo-Norman knight John de Courcy invaded Ulster and established his castle on a volcanic dyke at Carrickfergus in 1180. It had a number of buildings, including the great hall. Initially de Courcy built the inner ward, a small bailey at the end of the promontory with a high polygonal curtain wall and east gate. Meanwhile, the Andrew Jackson Centre at Boneybefore, Carrickfergus, remains closed due to Covid restrictions. Carrickfergus Castle er en normannisk borg i Nordirland, der ligger i byen Carrickfergus i County Antrim, på nordkysten af af Belfast Lough. Carrickfergus Castle, the most prominent landmark of the town, is one of the best-preserved Norman castles in Ireland. [citation needed]. First, it appeared as de Courcy’s average sized stronghold, it was only a small bailey and an inner ward. It is situated on the shore of Belfast Lough in the town of Carrickfergus, County Antrim.The castle was built by John de Courcy in 1177. For the song, see, Amhránleabhar Ógra Éireann, Folens, Dublin (8th edition, 1971). The old harbor was the site of the landing of King William III on 14th June 1690 ahead of his victorious Irish campaign against James II. [9], As an urban settlement, Carrickfergus far pre-dates the capital city Belfast and was for a lengthy period both larger and more prominent than the nearby city. He used this Castle as his headquarters after he conquered eastern Ulster. [citation needed]. De Lacy finished the construction of the castle, building the gatehouse, drum towers and outer ward. [5][9], Carrickfergus became an inhabited town shortly after 1170, when Anglo-Norman knight John de Courcy invaded Ulster, established his headquarters in the area and built Carrickfergus Castle on the "rock of Fergus" in 1177. Located on top of Knockagh Hill, above the village of Greenisland, it offers a panoramic view of the city of Belfast and surroundings. The Battle of Carrickfergus (fought between the crown forces of Queen Elizabeth I and the Scots clan of MacDonnell) took place in and around the town in November 1597. Carrickfergus Castle in County Antrim was built more than 800 years ago and sits on the shore of Belfast Lough. The core of the castle was built in 1177 by John de Courcy, after he conquered the east of Ulster and ruled as a petty king until 1204, when he was ousted by another Norman adventurer, Hugh de Lacy. It is one of the most complete examples of Norman architecture in Northern Ireland, and one of the most complete … [6], The town is the subject of the classic Irish folk song "Carrickfergus", a 19th-century translation of an Irish-language song (Do Bhí Bean Uasal)[7] from Munster, which begins with the words, "I wish I was in Carrickfergus".[8]. In 1981, Kilroot power station opened and is the largest power station in Northern Ireland. Medieval Britain explores castles, towns and medieval life in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Of the Ulster ports on the list, Carrickfergus was first, followed by Bangor, Donaghadee, and Strangford. Carrickfergus now is a centre for leisure sailing, and is home to Carrickfergus Marina and Carrickfergus Sailing Club. The Castle. The famous passenger liner was anchored overnight just off the coast of Carrickfergus, before continuing on its journey. Carrickfergus Castle was built by John de Courcy after the Norman invasion of Ireland in the 12th Century. Three historic stations in Carrickfergus, Barn, Eden and Mount, closed in the 1970s. Website +44 28 9335 1273. It was strategically useful because 3/4 of its perimeter is surrounded by water. Due to the latest COVID-19 restrictions, Carrickfergus Castle is closed to the public until further notice. Carrickfergus Castle was built by John de Courcy, a Norman lord in the 12th century, as part of his bid to become an independent King of Ulster. Carrickfergus Castle (Carraig Ḟergus) is a Norman castle in Northern Ireland. Carrickfergus Castle is a fine Norman castle in Carrickfergus in County Antrim, on the northern shore of Belfast Lough. Carrickfergus Castle is one of the best-preserved medieval structures in Northern Ireland and was besieged by the Scottish, native Irish, English, and French. [19], In 1912 the people of Carrickfergus turned out in their thousands to watch as the RMS Titanic made its first ever journey up the lough from its construction dock in Belfast. The castle has been besieged in turn by the French, Irish, Scots and English. It was of massive construction and would have been considered the most secure part of the castle. It’s been enlarged and reinforced over the centuries and remained a military site until 1928, when it was passed into State Care. An ICI man-made fibres factory was opened at Kilroot and was followed by the Rothman's cigarette factory. In the 1970s, the town became an important centre for the textile industry. Carrickfergus Castle was built in 3 sections in 10 phases over a long period of time (diagram from Northern Ireland Environment Agency). Sir John de Courcy (1160–1219) Anglo Norman knight and builder of Carrickfergus Castle; Hugh de Lacy, 1st Earl of Ulster (c. 1176 – c. 1242) Edward Bruce (c. 1280–1319), High King of Ireland and Earl of Carrick, brother to Robert the Bruce, King of Scots. Carrickfergus Castle: Charged but not allowed - See 894 traveler reviews, 1,056 candid photos, and great deals for Carrickfergus, UK, at Tripadvisor. On 8 September 2007, Carrickfergus was the Northern Irish host for the Last Night at the Proms, featuring Alison Balsom, Alfie Boe, and Ulster conductor Kenneth Montgomery. Answer to: Why was Carrickfergus Castle built? It is believed to have been attached to St. Mary’s Abbey, also founded by de Courcy for the Premonstratensian Order of monks. The town is said to take its name from Fergus Mór (Fergus the Great), the legendary king of Dál Riata. 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