Francis II (French: François II; 19 January 1544 – 5 December 1560) was King of France from 1559 to 1560. Catherine Capet de Valois was born 27 October 1401 in Paris, France to Charles VI de Valois (1368-1422) and Elisabeth von Bayern-Ingolstadt (1371-1435) and died 3 January 1437 in London, England, United Kingdom of unspecified causes. Catherine of Valois Queen of England. She had been born a French princess and become an English queen when she married the famous warrior king, Henry V. At the time of her death, she was married to a simple Welsh squire named Owen Tudor. For the Princess of Achaea and Taranto and titular Latin Empress, see, 15th-century French princess and queen of England. As a result, the one that remains in Westminster Abbey today looks ill-cared for. While the death date is not in question the cause is, with an equal number of records stating that she did not die as a result of childbirth, but entered Bermondsey Abbey, possibly seeking a cure for an illness that had troubled her for some time. She now rests at Westminster Abbey in Henry V's Chantry Chapel. He bestowed earldoms on both boys and managed to get both of them advantageous marriages (they were technically illegitimate and … It is possible that Catherine and her sisters, Marie and Michelle, and her brother the Dauphine Louis (played by an eccentric, thickly French-accented Robert Pattinson in The King) were snatched away from court for a period during the civil war. When his brother Thomas was killed in France, Henry took troops and went to France. While some authors have maintained that Catherine was neglected as a child by her mother, a more modern examination of the evidence suggests otherwise. Get started WikiTree FREE. Margaret of Valois was born on 14 May 1553, at the royal Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the seventh child and third daughter of Henry II and Catherine de' Medici. Despite the important role she played in shaping English history, the historical sources on Catherine’s early life are very scarce. The general consensus appears to be that they went through some kind of ceremony of marriage in 1428 but the legal status of this is unclear. And for one to turn up in Ireland almost 600 years after her death is astonishing. The exact cause of her death reamins unclear, some sources state that she was suffering from some unspecified illness, others that she died giving birth. As the woman who married Owen Tudur, she is the mother of the Tudor dynasty. It is highly unlikely that a French princess and Dowager Queen of England would risk the scandal of illegitimate children, and it has long been supposed that Catherine and Owen secretly married in 1429, though no documentation of this clandestine ceremony exists. [2] Catherine's older sister Isabella was queen of England from 1396 until 1399, as the child bride of Richard II. His cause of death was childbirth. She was the daughter of King Charles VI of France and Isabella of Bavaria. Catherine’s father, King Charles VI of France. He married Catherine I de Courtenay (1274-1308) 1302 JL . Genealogy for Catherine de Valois (1299 - 1300) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. She was born at the Hôtel Saint-Pol (a royal palace in Paris) on 27 October 1401. Ironically, it was not her first marriage to King Henry V and the son she bore him, the future Henry VI, who shaped her legacy. Owen appeared before the council, was subsequently arrested, and taken to Newgate Prison. Claude passed away on February 21, 1575 at the age of 27. After her death, Owen and Catherine's enemies decided to proceed against Owen for violating the law of the remarriage of the queen dowager. Catherine gave birth to a baby boy named Henry on Dec. 6, 1421. The wooden funeral effigy which was carried at Catherine's funeral still survives at Westminster Abbey, and was previously on display in the Westminster Abbey Museum in the Undercroft. After her death, Catherine's enemies decided to proceed against Owen for violating the law of the remarriage of the queen dowager. Her father set about trying to secure an advantageous marriage for her soon after her birth. Sometime after 1442, the king (their half-brother) took a role in their upbringing. [3] She was born at the Hôtel Saint-Pol (a royal palace in Paris) on 27 October 1401. While the death date is not in question the cause is, with an equal number of records stating that she did not die a result of childbirth, but entered Bermondsey Abbey, possibly seeking a cure for an illness that had troubled her for some time. The Duke of Gloucester was strongly against the match, however, and the Parliament of 1427–8 passed a bill which set forth the provision that if the queen dowager remarried without the king's consent, her husband would forfeit his lands and possessions, although any children of the marriage would not suffer punishment. Catherine died there on the 3 rd of January, 1437, at the age of 35. https://kevinnicholasgavit.com/2018/01/05/the-death-of-catherine-de-medici He was also King consort of Scotland as a result of his marriage to Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland from 1558 until his death. The dowager queen of England, otherwise known as Mrs Tudor, had retired to Bermondsey Abbey, probably to give birth. Catherine of Valois. Regardless, Catherine was determined to find her own happiness in life, and bravely built a new life with her partner of choice. But what do we know of the real Catherine of Valois? all six wives of Catherine’s great-grandson, Henry VIII. Joan of Valois; Charles IX of France's sister, Victoria of Valois, died on August 17, 1556 as he was 0 years old. She was not named regent; Humphrey ruled in her son’s stead as Lord Protector. Rumors spread that she was trying to start a relationship with Edmund Beaufort, one of Katherine Swynford’s grandchildren. The King ends on a victorious note, with Charles VI of France surrendering and offering his daughter Catherine to Henry V as a spoil of war. National Portrait Gallery/Wikimedia Commons Catherine’s only son with Henry V, King Henry VI of England. Catherine and Henry were married at the Parish Church of St John or at Troyes Cathedral on 2 June 1420. From about 1425, gossip associated Catherine’s name with that of a Welsh squire, Owen Tudor. After her death, Catherine's … The inscription reads: Under this slab (once the altar of this chapel) for long cast down and broken up by fire, rest at last, after various vicissitudes, finally deposited here by command of Queen Victoria, the bones of Catherine de Valois, daughter of Charles VI, King of France, wife of Henry V, mother of Henry VI, grandmother of Henry VII, born 1400, crowned 1421, died 1438. In May 1420, a peace treaty was made between England and France. By this time, Catherine was several months pregnant and gave birth to a son named Henry on 6 December 1421 at Windsor. Catherine of Valois had begun a secret relationship with Owen Tudor, a Welsh squire. Gender: Female Race or Ethnicity: White Occupation: Royalty. Images of Catherine of Valois are extremely rare. Catherine of Valois had two children after Henry V died with a Welshman named Owen Tudor. Images of Catherine of Valois are extremely rare. It did not help, and it did not really hurt Catherine of Valois (1401 - 1437) to be the daughter of an insane King. And for one to turn up in Ireland almost 600 years after her death is astonishing. After the untimely death of his mother, Henry VI took over caring for his very young brothers. Charles IX of France's sister, Claude of Valois, died on February 21, 1575 as he was 27 years old. Catherine’s older sister, Isabella, was briefly Queen of England through her marriage to King Richard II, but she returned home once Henry IV seized the English throne. Circa 1540. She made her will just three days before her death. Claude's cause of death was childbirth. The Death of Catherine de’ Medici. This was important because of Henry IV's laws limiting the rights of Welshmen. After Alfonsina's death in 1520, Catherine joined her cousins and was raised by her aunt, Clarice de' Medici. Catherine’s mother, meanwhile, has been credited with selfishness, sexual promiscuity, and political ineptitude during her time as regent in her husband’s emotional and mental absence — though many of these qualities were ascribed to her after her death, probably for political reasons. She grew up in the shadow of her father’s insanity and was apparently quite a neglected child. He lived until 1461, when he was executed by the Yorkists following the Battle of Mortimer's Cross in Herefordshire. A handsome young Welshman of obscure birth named Owen Tudor became the young widow’s head of household. That most intriguing of medieval heroines, Catherine of Valois, died on this day in 1437. A really great deal, except Henry V, died of dysentery a few months after his son and heir Henry VI was born. She died shortly after childbirth in a state of political disgrace on Jan. 3, 1437 and was buried at Westminster Abbey. His cause of death was childbirth. Catherine's remains were not properly re-interred until the reign of Queen Victoria. A really great deal, except Henry V, died of dysentery a few months after his son and heir Henry VI was born. Isabeau tried to wrest control of the government from her cousin-in-law, but a power vacuum ignited the Armagnac–Burgundian Civil War in 1407 and made room for England’s conquest. Charles VI died a couple of months after Henry V, making the young Henry VI king of England and English-occupied northern France. She was the youngest of twelve siblings, and her eldest sister had been Queen of England before her as the wife of Richard II. 1403 (18th June) Catherine was betrothed to Charles, grandson of Louis, Duke of Bourbon. but soon after her arrival there, she died. Catherine was now a widow and her son, less than nine months old, was proclaimed King Henry VI of England. Yes. [8] While the death date is not in question the cause is, with an equal number of records stating that she did not die as a result of childbirth, but entered Bermondsey Abbey, possibly seeking a cure for an illness that had troubled her for some time. She decided to return home to France to join her husband, and left her infant son in the care of his uncle, Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester. National Portrait Gallery/Wikimedia Commons A portrait miniature of a medieval woman, most likely Catherine of Valois, Queen of England and wife of Henry V. Around the year 1599, Shakespeare penned Henry V, a fictionalized dramatization of the medieval King Henry V and his 1415 victory against the French at the Battle of Agincourt. According to the financial accounts of her mother, toys befitting a French princess were purchased, religious texts were provided, and Catherine was sent to the convent in Poissy to receive a religious education.[4]. Catherine of Valois (27 October 1401-3 January 1437) was the Queen consort of England from 2 June 1420 to 31 August 1422 as the wife of King Henry V of England.She gave birth to his heir Henry VI of England, and she remarried to Owen Tudor after Henry V's death, leading to their grandson's elevation as Henry VII of England. While the death date is not in question the cause is, with an equal number of records stating that she did not die a result of childbirth, but entered Bermondsey Abbey, possibly seeking a cure for an illness that had troubled her for some time. [7] From the relationship of Owen Tudor and Queen Catherine descended the Tudor dynasty of England, starting with King Henry VII. Then learn what happened to all six wives of Catherine’s great-grandson, Henry VIII. Catherine I de Courtenay was born 1274 to Philippe de Courtenay (1243-1283) and Beatrice of Naples (1252-1275) and died 3 January 1308 inParis of unspecified causes. As Dowager Queen and mother to the king, Catherine was said to have participated in state processions, with the infant king seated on her lap, but she played no formal role in government. In May 1420, a peace agreement was made between England and France, the Treaty of Troyes, and Charles acknowledged Henry of England as his heir. Margaret of Valois. She was left with nothing; she was not granted the regency of France or England and not even the … Instead, it was her second secret marriage to the seemingly irrelevant Welsh squire that would change England’s future. Early on, there had been a discussion of marrying her to the prince of Wales, son of Henry IV of England, but the king died before negotiations could begin. Inside The Life Of John Tubman, Harriet's Husband Who Didn't Follow Her North, The Battle Of Midway: How American Airpower Broke Japan's Naval Dominance, What Stephen Hawking Thinks Threatens Humankind The Most, 27 Raw Images Of When Punk Ruled New York, Join The All That's Interesting Weekly Dispatch, National Portrait Gallery/Wikimedia Commons. That most intriguing of medieval heroines, Catherine of Valois, died on this day in 1437. She had recently given birth, but there are some records to indicate she’d had a health issue for some time, and that is why she sought treatment or prayers at Bermondsey Abbey. Claude of France(November 12, 1547 - February 21, 1575) was the second daughter of King Henry II of Franceand Queen Catherine de' Medici. A painting dated before 1494 showing the marriage ceremony of Henry V of England and Catherine of Valois. 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