Natural Resources Management Center, Ministry of Natural Resources, Quezon City, Philippines, pp 441–466, Calumpong HP (1996) The Central Visayas regional project: lessons learned. More significantly, planting sites are generally in the lower intertidal to subtidal zones where mangroves do not thrive rather than the optimal middle to upper intertidal levels, for a simple reason. It is believed that the Handbook will help promote mangrove rehabilitation in Panay, and set a model for other areas in the Philippines as well. This paper reviews eight mangrove initiatives in the Philippines and evaluates the biophysical and institutional factors behind success or failure. Tech Rep UNDP/UNESCO Research and Training Pilot Programme on Mangrove Ecosystems in Asia and the Pacific (RAS/79/002). ICLARM, Manila, Philippines 4(3):1–6. ZSL's team of mangrove researchers have published the following manuals: 1. Reallocation of Philippines' National Greening Program (NGP) funds and capacity away from seafront planting toward targeted reversion and assisted rehabilitation of large sea-facing abandoned fishponds is thus advisable if effective mangrove greenbelt reestablishment and integrated CCMA goals are to be realised (Blankespoor et al., 2016). 17 Cited in: Melana, E.E. Annual Progress Report. In: National Mangrove Committee (ed) Mangroves of Asia and the Pacific: status and management. Mangrove ecosystem: concept and some implications to rehabilitation and management. Not surprisingly, this “decade of awakening” was also ... reported 25 dicotyledonous tree species in Philippine mangrove swamps. www.oneocean.org. Such ideal sites have long been converted to brackishwater fishponds whereas the former are open access areas with no ownership problems. © Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999, An International Perspective on Wetland Rehabilitation, Center of Excellence in Coastal Resources Management Silliman University. Canopy Int 10(5):3–5. Department of Environment and Natural Resources Region 7-Ecosystem Research and Development Service-Coastal Environment Program, Banilad, Mandaue City, Philippines. 1996. Royal Forest Department of Thailand, Bangkok, pp 156–165, Fisheries Resource Management Program (2003) Fisheries resource management program (FRMP) brief. Philippine mangroves chart (2.17 MB) The number of mangrove rehabilitation programmes world-wide is extensive. UNESCO, Japanese Man and the Biosphere National Committee and Mangrove Ecosystem Research Centre, Vietnam, pp 29–243, Primavera JH, Ashton EC (2005) Country case studies—Philippines. The researchers identified that community involvement is a key to restoring the lost mangroves. Tambuli. 62–71, Calumpong, H.P. Philippine mangrove ecosystems remain largely deforested, with a reforestation rate remaining at an alarmingly low level. 74. Updated appraisal report. IUCN Commission on Ecology Papers No. Environmental Management Bureau. (Version 10 March 2005). Wetlands Ecol Manage 16, 345–358 (2008). 2152 of 29 December 1981) prohibiting the cutting of mangroves and a government ban (Department of Environment and Natural Resources Administrative Order No 15 s1990) on further conversion of mangroves to fish ponds, the reduction of mangroves continued at a rate of about 3,000 ha-1 yr-1 or 2.4% yr-1 from 1990 to 1994 (Environmental Management Bureau 1996). Natural Resources Management Center and National Mangrove Committee, Ministry of Natural Resources, Philippines, National Forestation Development Office-DENR (2003) Forestry sector project (Loan No. Mangroves are particularly important for the local community in Siaton because they protect the shoreline from strong waves during typhoon season. Google Scholar, Primavera JH, Agbayani RF (1997) Comparative strategies in community-based mangrove rehabilitation programmes in the Philippines. Wetlands Ecology and Management 1994. 3. Gland, Switzerland, p 88, Salmo III SG, Juinio-Menez MA (2001) Mangrove reforestation. Success stories, best practices, and emerging models in community-based resource management. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Philippine Environmental Quality Report 1990–1995, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Quezon City, Philippines. Panay Island and surrounding areas. http://www.jbic.go.jp/english/oec/project/yen_loan_list.php. Kluwer, Netherlands, pp 277–297, Tomlinson PB (1986) The botany of mangroves. SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department, Iloilo, Philippines, REECS (2006) Community-based resource management project (CBRMP) impact evaluation (Loan Credit No. Regeneration capacity is important as it determines the fate of an ecosystem. From about 500,000 ha in the 1920s, only about 120,500 ha remained in 1994 (Forest Management Bureau 1996). Besides this mangroves also provide construction timber for houses and fish traps and firewood. To date fish ponds cover about 289,000 ha, with 80-90% in areas once covered with mangroves (de Leon and White 1997). Resto Ecol 8(3):237–246, Walters BB (2003) People and mangroves in the Philippines: fifty years of coastal environmental change. Yao, C.E. Our appreciation also goes to Stanley Tan of MIMA, Malaysia for the invitation to the International Conference and Exhibition on Mangroves of Indian and Western Pacific Oceans held in Kuala Lumpur August 21–24, 2006, where an early version of this paper was presented. Primavera JH, Agbayani RF (1997) Comparative strategies in community-based mangrove rehabilitation programmes in the Philippines. Rehabilitation, FPE) and Ms. Hazel Consunji (Philippines Program Coordinator, ELTI). 1989. In: Brown WH (ed) Minor products of Philippine forests I, Bureau of Forestry Bull. Massive external funding, a limited … Determine the best practices in the PNAP mangrove rehabilitation sites. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Umali, R.M. The data on In: Streever W. (eds) An International Perspective on Wetland Rehabilitation. Philippine Mangrove Swamps. 1996. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Fisheries Resource Management Program, Manila, Philippines, Erftemeijer PLA, Lewis RR (2000) Planting mangroves on intertidal mudflats: habitat restoration or habitat conversion? Technical monograph series 9. Unpublished report, Contreras A (ed) (2003) Creating space for local forest management in the Philippines. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, An International Perspective on Wetland Rehabilitation Subscription will auto renew annually. 22. www.oneocean.org. Prepared by Nippon Koei Co., Orient Integrated Consultants and Philkoei International. Executive Summary: Fisheries Sector Program Review. Science 310(5745):57–59, PubMed  Mangrove forest cover in the Philippines has substantially declined in recent years primarily due to logging and conversion to fish ponds, and, more recently, to pollution and reclamation. Planning and Management Approaches for Mangrove Exploitation. PubMed Google Scholar. 1986. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-008-9101-y, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-008-9101-y, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in READ ALSO: Cite as. In: Streever W (ed) An international perspective on wetland rehabilitation. It is excerpted from the Manual for Community-based Mangrove Rehabilitation (Primavera et al., 2012), a documentation of the experience of Zoological Society of London-Philippines in mangrove nurseries and outplanting. Coastal Alert, DENR. Valuation of Mangroves. 1987. World Bank/ISME/cenTER Aarhus, 106 pp. This paper reviews eight mangrove initiatives in the Philippines and evaluates the biophysical and institutional factors behind success or failure. Despite a national law (Presidential Proclamation No. Part of Springer Nature. •Challenges in mangrove rehabilitation: The initial mangrove rehabilitation started in 1980s through the Integrated Coastal Management Programs[4]. National Forestation Development Office, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, PCAFNRRD (1991) The Philippines recommends for mangrove production and harvesting. Mangrove Reforestation, pp. Biologists from the University of the Philippines on Friday advised the government to use mangroves instead of covering Manila Bay’s shoreline with crushed dolomite as the former was a “cheaper and more cost-effective” form of rehabilitation. Fishery Sector Program. Work in Progress: http://mit.biology.au.dk/cenTER/MCB_Files/2005_MCB_Code_March.pdf. The study called “Philippines’ Mangrove Ecosystem: Status, Threats and Conservation,” stated the lack of awareness and implementation of laws as among the issues that impede mangrove rehabilitation. Asian Development Bank. Typhoon Haiyan made landfall in the Philippines on 08 November 2013 and affected lives, livelihoods and infrastructure in nine of the poorest provinces in the country. This study assessed six The authors recommend specific protocols (among them pushing for a 4:1 mangrove to pond ratio recommended for a healthy ecosystem) and wider policy directions to make mangrove rehabilitation in the country more effective. 1991. ... White A.T. (1999) Mangrove Rehabilitation in the Philippines. These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. 1995. 12–17. In the Philippines, although massive funds have been allocated for mangrove rehabilitation, the long term mangrove survival rate are very low at 10-20% [45]. As part of Shell's Yolanda rehabilitation programme, Pilipinas Shell Foundation, Inc. (PSFI) donated Php 1 million to Philippine Disaster Resilience Foundation (PDRF) for the mangrove and beach forest protection in Roxas City, Capiz, one of the areas affected by Super Typhoon Yolanda (international name: Haiyan) in November 2013. Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Manila, Philippines through the Coastal Resource Management Project, Cebu City, Philippines, National Mangrove Committee (1987) Philippines Case Study. Unpublished report, Community Based Resource Management Project (2006b). Article  In: Mangroves of Asia and the Pacific: status and management. Barangay Household/Adoption Profiles:Nearshore Fisheries. The Nearshore Fisheries in Central Visayas, Philippines: An Impact Evaluation Report on the Central Visayas Regional Project-I (CVRP-1). In: Hong PN, Ishwaran N, San HT, Tri NH, Tuan MS (eds) Proceedings of ecotone V, community participation in conservation, sustainable use and rehabilitation of mangroves in Southeast Asia. It employed an in-depth review of secondary information such as policy documents and project reports, and participatory research activities with - 133.130.108.194. 1997. Marine resources foundation, inc. University of the Philippines Marine Research Institute, Quezon City, Samson MS, Rollon RN (2008) Growth performance of planted mangroves in the Philippines: revisiting forest management strategies. 1995. In: Hong PN, Ishwaran N, San HT, Tri NH, Tuan MS (eds) Proceedings of ecotone V, community participation in conservation, sustainable use and rehabilitation of mangroves in Southeast Asia. and R. Pelayo. The said event was participated by the LGUs in Pagbilao, Quezon … Habitat 5(1):12–17, Yao CE (1986) Mangrove reforestation in Central Visayas. Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island, USA. Ecol Econ 35:91–106, Primavera JH (2005) Mangroves, fishponds, and the quest for sustainability. Special Edition 1:4–5, 38. de los Angeles, M.S. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Department of Agriculture, Quezon City, Philippines, Japan Bank for International Cooperation (2006) JBIC Project List. To effectively implement the project on Development of Pagbilao Mangrove Experimental Forest Station, the Urban and Biodiversity Research, Development and Extension Center (UBRDEC) held two information, education and communication (IEC) activities on mangrove rehabilitation for its partner Local Government Units (LGUs). Forest Management Bureau. We evaluated the perceived impacts of the Cogtong Bay Mangrove Rehabilitation Project (CBMRP; Philippines) by using 12 perception indicators categorized into 3 comanagement impact criteria (equity, efficiency, and sustainability). Community and local government initiatives, http://www.jbic.go.jp/english/oec/project/yen_loan_list.php, http://mit.biology.au.dk/cenTER/MCB_Files/2005_MCB_Code_March.pdf, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-008-9101-y. de Leon, R.O.D. 4299 PH) vol 1, draft final report. Prepared by Resources, Environment and Economics Center for Studies (REECS), Quezon City, Philippines, Roldan RG (2004) An assessment of fish sanctuary and mangrove rehabilitation projects established under the fisheries resource management project. This study generally aims to synthesize the best practices and challenges in mangrove rehabilitation in the Philippines, Myanmar, Japan, China and India. We thank Raul Roldan, Team Leader of the FRMP-Project Management Consultants and Regional Adviser for Region 4A, for contributing FRMP data; Veneracion Garcia, Charles Castro and the staff of the Department of Finance-CBRMP Project Management Office, for helping the junior author gather CBRMP data; and to Ann Melano (formerly of the Coastal Marine Management Office) for information on DENR mangrove reforestation efforts. This is a preview of subscription content, Cadiz, P. and R.O.D. de Leon. 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