Seed buried in soil under sub-arctic conditions had 3% viability after 9.7 years. The mid-partition longitudinally 3-nerved. Its stem is erect, branched, and 4–30 in (10–76 cm) high. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. Jong-Shik Park, Chae Jun Lim, Ok-Sun Bang and; No Soo Kim; Abstract Background Our previous genome-wide gene expression analysis revealed that tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) death receptors 4 (DR4) and 5 (DR5) are … 2. by treatment with the ethanolic extract of Descurainia sophia seeds (EEDS) [24]. The stalk below the cotyledon is usually inconspicuous and covered with minute, branched hairs. 2013; 2013:584604. Latin synonym: Sisymbrium sophia Family: Mustard Family – Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Growing form: Annual herb. Kim BY, Lee J, Park SJ, Bang OS, Kim NS. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. In this study, we determined whether the EEDS-mediated upregulation of DR4 and DR5 translated to sensitization of A549 cells to TRAIL cytotox-icity. While wet, seeds are sliming, and sticking with mud to passing animals and vehicles; they can be disseminated by that way as well. A new aryldihydronaphthoic acid, descuraic acid (1), was isolated from the seeds of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl. The medicinal attributes and pharmacological activities especially ascribed to seeds of Descurainia sophia (L.) are elaborated below. Lipids from Descurainia Sophia Seeds Lipids from Descurainia Sophia Seeds Bekker, N.; Ul’chenko, N.; Glushenkova, A. 4 Germination phenology (from August 1998 to 10 June 1999) of Descurainia sophia seeds collected at Vadstena on various dates in 1998. Descurainia sophia.- Southern Tíng lì zǐ. Orange seeds in one row of each side of the pod. 3. Title The stem is straight, branched, 10-80 cm tall, grayish, pubescent. cm. Download Citation | Descurainia sophia (L.): A weed with multiple medicinal uses | Descurainia sophia (L.) is a dicot annual weed, distributed in many countries of Asia, Europe, Africa and America. Temperature was recorded at a depth of 10 mm. The first leaf pair often appear opposite to one another on the stem. 41, No. It is a winter annual that blooms in the spring. Data are from three replicates of 200 seeds sown on the soil surface 1–3 days after collection. In woodland areas Descurainia sophia most often occurs as scattered single plants or in small groupings; in an open meadow it can spread into colonies of hundreds of plants. Flixweed is an annual, winter annual, or a biennial weed of crops. Our data suggested that CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP), an endoplasmic flixweed, tansy mustard. Latin name: Descurainia sophia Synonyms: Sisymbrium sophia Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Flixweed : poultice of the plant has been used to ease the pain of toothache. [PMC free article] Abstract Three new sulphur glycosides, raphanuside B–D (1–3), together with a known sulphur glycoside, raphanuside (4) were isolated from the decoction of the seeds of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl, and the compound 4 was reported for the first time from this plant. Flixweed, Ting Li Zi (Descurainia Sophia) is a genus of herbaceous plants in the Brassicaceae family. Seeds 12-25 per cell, in 1 row, about 1 mm long. Height: 30–60 (12–24 in.) Seed pods about 3/4 inch long, on stalks 1/4 inch long. Its weed, known as khak-e shir or khakshir in Iran, is used with water as a drink, which is mostly used as thirst quencher in hot weather. Flixweed Descurainia sophia Mustard family (Brassicaceae) Description: This biennial or annual plant is ½–2½' tall. Primary Disseminule Type. Valves 1-nerved their full length and often with less evident side nerves. It is found in North Africa and practically throughout Eurasia. Flixweed Descurainia sophia. It branches occasionally, and is more or less erect. CHANNEL Lung, Urinary Bladder FUNCTIONS 1. Seeds recovered from house demolitions and dated at 20-30 years are reported to have germinated. The seed can be ground into a powder, mixed with cornmeal and used to make bread, or as a thickening for soups etc[61. The ju How to Identify Flixweed (Descurainia Sophia) This is Flixweed, a native of Eurasia that is an invasive weed in North America. Gene expression profile of the A549 human non-small cell lung carcinoma cell line following treatment with the seeds of Descurainia sophia, a potential anticancer drug. Flixweed originally grew in on the steppes of Western Asia but it 153816761893 Flixweed seeds: Iranian khakshir . The seeds of Descurainia sophia are traditionally used to treat coughs, asthma and edema, but their effects on asthma have not been investigated by multi-omics analysis. Sisymbrium sophia L.. From our previous gene expression profiling of TRAIL-refractory A549 human lung cancer cells, we found that DR4 and DR5 expression was enhanced by treatment with the ethanolic extract of Descurainia sophia seeds (EEDS) . Description (diagnostics are in brown). Descurainia sophia is a Annual/Biennial up to 0.90 metres tall. Cotyledons (seed leaves) are hairless, lance to football shaped, and small, up to 1/3 of an inch (7 mm) long. Annuals; eglandular; sparsely to densely pubescent, sometimes glabrous distally, trichomes dendritic.Stems erect, un-branched or branched distally, (1-)2-7(-10) dm. FOR SALE! Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Fruits: pods, nearly erect, cylindrical, linear, 2-3 cm long, 1-1.5 mm broad, hardly constricted between seeds, rounded at the tip, the stigma nearly stalkless. Presented here is summary information about the species Descurainia sophia from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed.Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction .For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org. FLIXWEED, DESCURAINIA SOPHIA 100 seeds - $1.30. Seeds are disseminated with water, wind, and manure. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Distribution It is well represented in western Asia and Europe. We undertook this study to assess the epigenetic effects of ethanol extract of D. sophia seeds (DSE) in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced mouse model of asthma. Stem upper part commonly strongly haired, lower part stellate-haired. Geographic subdivisions for Descurainia sophia: CA : MAP CONTROLS 1. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. Descurainia sophia seeds are used in Iran to prevent asthma, relieve cough and chest Seeds of Descurainia Sophia shatter in the field, consequently, soil is the main source of crop infestation with this weed. Descurainia sophia, commonly known as flixweed, is an annual (rarely biennial) pioneer herb that colonises disturbed sites and is adapted to growing in dry environments.It is also a crop pest and can facilitate the establishment of other introduced species. Flowers mature quickly, the plant elongates, and seed pods (siliques) grow rapidly to 15-30 mm long but only .5-1 mm wide. Society; January 16, 2018 - 9:23. 葶苈子 Tíng lì zǐ, 独行菜 Du xing cai Pepperweed seed, Woods Whitlow Grass Family: Cruciferae Tíng lì zǐ is also harvested from Draba nemorosa PART USED: Seed FLAVOR: Pungent, bitter. In addition, in Iran, they are used to prepare a type of Persian refreshing drink (sharbat-e-khakeshir). It reproduces by seeds.It is a dominant weed in dark brown prairie and black prairie soils of southern Alberta. Flixweed is the common name of the plant descurainia sophia. Animals disperse tansymustard seeds when the mucilaginous seedcoat sticks to feathers or fur . Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms). Diuretic, antiasthmatic and cardiotonic activities Seed banking: Herb sophia builds up a soil seed bank [2,5,39,149]. Descurainia sophia is a member of the family Brassicaceae. Abstract Flixweed ( Descurainia sophia L.) and London rocket ( Sysyimbrium irio L.) seeds contain quite a number of nutraceuticals and are often used as herbal medicines. Recommended solution. (Sisymbrium Sophia) ... Flixweed seed can probably retain viability for long periods. Descurainia sophia seeds/plants for sale Flixweed Latin name: Descurainia sophia Synonyms: Sisymbrium sophia Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Flixweed poultice of the plant has been used to ease the pain of toothache. The seeds of Descurainia sophia have been used as a TCM to relieve cough and asthma, promote urination, alleviate edema, and enhance cardiac function for a long time . The stems are greyish or bluish green and pubescent; sometimes the lower stem is nearly glabrous and light purplish green. Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl. Descurainia sophia (L.) has multiple medicinal uses which have long been recognized by a system of Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCM). Stands often become dense and crowded within a few post-disturbance years and which can increase … Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl (flixweed) is a member of family Brassicaceae, which is widely distributed in Asia, Europe, northern Africa, and North America. Descurainia sophia is a member of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) family, which is cultivated throughout the world as a semiarid crop. Pods slightly curved and very narrow. Ethanolic extract of Descurainia sophia seeds sensitizes A549 human lung cancer cells to TRAIL cytotoxicity by upregulating death receptors. The juice of the plant has been used in the treatment of chronic coughs, hoarseness and ulcerated sore throats. Common names include flixweed, herb-Sophia and tansy mustard. seed. 2005-08-30 00:00:00 Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Vol. The stalk stubs remain when the cotyledons are shed. The grayish-green plant grows up to 1 m high. Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names). Seed dispersal: Wind, water, machinery, and animals transport herb sophia seed, although most seed falls near the parent plant . Flixweed (Descurainia sophia) Flixweed description. 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