Baal, also known as the sun god or the storm god, is the name of the supreme male deity worshiped by ancient Phoenicians and Canaanites. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Asherah/. Above him stood the seraphim. He said, “The Lord is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer, my God, my rock, in whom I take refuge, my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold and my refuge, my savior; you save me from violence. Asherim are mentioned in the Hebrew Bible in the books of Exodus, Deuteronomy, Judges, the Books of Kings, the second Book of Chronicles, and the books of Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Micah.The term often appears as merely אשרה, (Asherah) referred to as "groves" in the King James Version, which follows the Septuagint rendering as ἄλσος, pl. As soon as Adoni-zedek, king of Jerusalem, heard how Joshua had captured Ai and had devoted it to destruction, doing to Ai and its king as he had done to Jericho and its king, and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel and were among them, he feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, like one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all its men were warriors. The Goddess in the Hebrew Bible ââââââ The Bible states upon arrival, the ancient Israelites began worship of the goddess Asherah (Judges 2:13; 10:6). Then the king sent, and all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem were gathered to him. And the king went up to the house of the Lord, and with him all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem and the priests and the prophets, all the people, both small and great. Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear, and who keep what is written in it, for the time is near. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. So they ate and drank and spent the night there. 1. E He took the carved Asherah pole he had made and put it in the temple, of which the Lord had said to David and to his son Solomon, “In this temple and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, I will put my Name forever. All this is for the transgression of Jacob and for the sins of the house of Israel. He burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields of the Kidron and carried their ashes to Bethel. ‣ Click the 'Search' button below to search the entire website (including all scripture translations, comments, commentary, Bible dictionary, articles, and other pages): And on the fourth day they arose early in the morning, and he prepared to go, but the girl's father said to his son-in-law, “Strengthen your heart with a morsel of bread, and after that you may go.” ... And the people of Israel again did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, so the Lord gave them into the hand of the Philistines for forty years. The ox knows its owner, and the donkey its master's crib, but Israel does not know, my people do not understand.” Ah, sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, offspring of evildoers, children who deal corruptly! In the Bible, Asherah poles were first mentioned in Exodus 34:13. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him. For behold, the Lord is coming out of his place, and will come down and tread upon the high places of the earth. ‣ And the angel of the Lord appeared to the woman and said to her, “Behold, you are barren and have not borne children, but you shall conceive and bear a son. Before him went pestilence, and plague followed at his heels. And one called to another and said: “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory!” And the foundations of the thresholds shook at the voice of him who called, and the house was filled with smoke. Asa cut down her image, crushed it, and burned it at the brook Kidron. One theory proposed by J. R. Engle is that the plural asherim were associated with Judean pillar figurines while the singular asherah was a wooden pole. Copyright ©2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. References to the Goddess. God condemned the worship of Asherah poles (Exodus 34:13 makes it clear that he is one and not one of a pantheon of gods, Deuteronomy 6:4) and condemned the Israelites engaging in pagan worship. J The Israelites neglected to heed the Lordâs warning not to compromise with idolaters. Asherah, along with Astarte and Anath, was one of the three great goddesses of the Canaanite pantheon. When all this was completed, all Israel who had attended went out to the cities of Judah and broke up the sacred pillars, chopped down the Asherah poles, and tore down the high places and altars throughout Judah and Benjamin, as well as in Ephraim and Manasseh, to the last one.Then all the Israelites returned to their cities, each to his own possession. Although many see evidence for Asherah being an individual goddess known to the Israelites, some scholars believe that the context of the word primarily denotes it as a cultic object, as Mark Smith suggests in The Early History of God: Yahweh and the Other Deities in Ancient Israel, 2nd Edition. Topical Bible It shall come to pass in the latter days that the mountain of the house of the Lord shall be established as the highest of the mountains, and shall be lifted up above the hills; and all the nations shall flow to it, and many peoples shall come, and say: “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob, that he may teach us his ways and that we may walk in his paths.” For out of Zion shall go the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. And I said: “Woe is me! And when they came to the Jordan, they cut down trees. W He set the earth on its foundations, so that it should never be moved. Therefore be careful and drink no wine or strong drink, and eat nothing unclean, for behold, you shall conceive and bear a son. The Baal temple at Samaria had an asherah , and they were, in general, common in places of worship in ancient Israel (1Kgs 14:23; 2Kgs 18:4). For example, she is found under trees (1 Kings 14:23; 2 Kings 17:10) and is made of wood by human beings (1 Kings 14:15, 2 Kings 16:3–4). And he deposed the priests whom the kings of Judah had ordained to make offerings in the high places at the cities of Judah and around Jerusalem; those also who burned incense to Baal, to the sun and the moon and the constellations and all the host of the heavens. Thus shall you do for six days. And his prayer, and how God was moved by his entreaty, and all his sin and his faithlessness, and the sites on which he built high places and set up the Asherim and the images, before he humbled himself, behold, they are written in the Chronicles of the Seers. He also removed Maacah his mother from being queen mother because she had made an abominable image for Asherah. But since we left off making offerings to the queen of heaven and pouring out drink offerings to her, we have lacked everything and have been consumed by the sword and by famine.” And the women said, “When we made offerings to the queen of heaven and poured out drink offerings to her, was it without our husbands' approval that we made cakes for her bearing her image and poured out drink offerings to her?”. But we will do everything that we have vowed, make offerings to the queen of heaven and pour out drink offerings to her, as we did, both we and our fathers, our kings and our officials, in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem. Ahab did more to provoke the Lord, the God of Israel, to anger than all the kings of Israel who were before him. Perhaps surprisingly, Asherah is mentioned in the early Hebrew Bible some forty separate times, although most often as an object of derision. And when they make a long blast with the ram's horn, when you hear the sound of the trumpet, then all the people shall shout with a great shout, and the wall of the city will fall down flat, and the people shall go up, everyone straight before him.” ... “Take this Book of the Law and put it by the side of the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, that it may be there for a witness against you. ‣ The religious beliefs of the earliest ancient Israelites were fundamentally the same as that of other local cultures in that area of Canaan. And I will root out your Asherah images from among you and destroy your cities. God had just remade the Ten Commandment tablets, and Moses had requested God graciously forgive the Israelites for worshiping the golden calf. These inscriptions are written in Hebrew and translate as ‘Yahweh and his Asherah’. They forgot the Lord their God and served the Baals and the Asheroth. Asherah was the name of an Ancient Near Eastern goddess, also referred to as Lady Asherah of the Sea, Mother of the Gods (AKA a way more badass version of Daenerys Targaryen!). Ancient History Encyclopedia. Due to the lack of evidence in the Bible and in archaeology for Asherah being a goddess in Israel (not just a symbol), it seems that perhaps the tree and wooden pole representations remained after the original belief in the supernatural entity behind them faded, possibly as symbols of fertility. R Publisher: OpenBible.info. ‣ In Babylon, she was thought to be the daughter-in-law of Anu and was known as the “lady of the steppes”. Asherah is a Hebrew word for what was either a goddess or a cultic object or perhaps both. F And the hand of Midian overpowered Israel, and because of Midian the people of Israel made for themselves the dens that are in the mountains and the caves and the strongholds. You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; you anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows. Hebrew Bible. In Canaanite religion her primary role was that of mother goddess. Asherah "And pl. Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: You and your wives have declared with your mouths, and have fulfilled it with your hands, saying, ‘We will surely perform our vows that we have made, to make offerings to the queen of heaven and to pour out drink offerings to her.’ Then confirm your vows and perform your vows! He trusted in the Lord, the God of Israel, so that there was none like him among all the kings of Judah after him, nor among those who were before him. âAsherahâ has been translated in a variety of ways because of uncertainty concerning its meaning. D He broke down the altars and beat the Asherim and the images into powder and cut down all the incense altars throughout all the land of Israel. Publication date: Dec 6, 2020. https://www.ancient.eu/Asherah/. Asherah was depicted as both Lion and as the Tree of Life. Asherah was the goddess of fertility, and thus represented the Babylonian Ishtar in her character as goddess of love and not of war. Moreover, the altar at Bethel, the high place erected by Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, that altar with the high place he pulled down and burned, reducing it to dust. No razor shall come upon his head, for the child shall be a Nazirite to God from the womb, and he shall begin to save Israel from the hand of the Philistines.” ... That night the Lord said to him, “Take your father's bull, and the second bull seven years old, and pull down the altar of Baal that your father has, and cut down the Asherah that is beside it and build an altar to the Lord your God on the top of the stronghold here, with stones laid in due order. The voice of the Lord is over the waters; the God of glory thunders, the Lord, over many waters. Drawing of a Jar Found in Kuntillet Ajrud. Asherim in Revised Version, instead of "grove" and" groves of the Authorized Version. He built the House of the Forest of Lebanon. 4 In the dictionary, this is the definition of Asherah: 1. an ancient Semitic goddess, sometimes identified with Ashtoreth and Astarte, worshipe And the carved image of Asherah that he had made he set in the house of which the Lord said to David and to Solomon his son, “In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, I will put my name forever. For he rebuilt the high places that his father Hezekiah had broken down, and he erected altars to the Baals, and made Asherahs, and worshiped all the host of heaven and served them. Hebrew Bible. He had with him his servant and a couple of donkeys. 1. Thus they hid him from Athaliah, so that he was not put to death. Hear, you peoples, all of you; pay attention, O earth, and all that is in it, and let the Lord God be a witness against you, the Lord from his holy temple. Divine name changes and intercultural correlations are common in many ancient mythologies. When the territory of the people of Dan was lost to them, the people of Dan went up and fought against Leshem, and after capturing it and striking it with the sword they took possession of it and settled in it, calling Leshem, Dan, after the name of Dan their ancestor. Her Symbol. ‣ In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The relation of this goddess to the pole called Asherah in the Bible is a difficult problem. Is it not Jerusalem? He was twenty-five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. Now the word of the Lord came to me, saying, “Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, and before you were born I consecrated you; I appointed you a prophet to the nations.” ... Bel bows down; Nebo stoops; their idols are on beasts and livestock; these things you carry are borne as burdens on weary beasts. And God saw that the light was good. And he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord and walked in all the way of David his father, and he did not turn aside to the right or to the left. And the Lord said to Joshua, “See, I have given Jericho into your hand, with its king and mighty men of valor. Her association with mountains in Babylon may be a hint to her Canaanite origins. Contrary to the claims of scholars, the Bible does not attempt to cover up the existence of Asherah or that she/it was worshipped in Israel. So, we have a complicated picture of the Old Testament. Some scholars, including G. Boström, H. Ringgren, and W.F. Seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark. Il fait référence à un objet en … All About Asherah Although the word "Asherah" does not appear in many Bible translations, including the King James Version or the New Revised Standard Version, it does appear 39 times in the New International Version and also 39 times in the New Living Translation. The words of Jeremiah, the son of Hilkiah, one of the priests who were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin, to whom the word of the Lord came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his reign. The word of the Lord that came to Micah of Moresheth in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, which he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem. And the peoples will take them and bring them to their place, and the house of Israel will possess them in the Lord's land as male and female slaves. Was the name of a goddess whose worship was widely spread throughout Syria and Canaan; plural Asherim. Asherah is now the best known goddess worshipped in the Israel context. What is the transgression of Jacob? So now I say, I will not drive them out before you, but they shall become thorns in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare to you.”. The Lord has broken the staff of the wicked, the scepter of rulers, ... For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Was the name of a goddess whose worship was widely spread throughout Syria and Canaan; plural Asherim. He also burned the Asherah. While their children remember their altars and their Asherim, beside every green tree and on the high hills. (Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up and captured Gezer and burned it with fire, and had killed the Canaanites who lived in the city, and had given it as dowry to his daughter, Solomon's wife; And this is the account of the forced labor that King Solomon drafted to build the house of the Lord and his own house and the Millo and the wall of Jerusalem and Hazor and Megiddo and Gezer. Web. In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom and also put it in writing: Then Satan stood against Israel and incited David to number Israel. An Asherah pole was a sacred pole (or sometimes a tree) that was used in the worship of the pagan goddess Asherah. Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness. Let us go to the Jordan and each of us get there a log, and let us make a place for us to dwell there.” And he answered, “Go.” Then one of them said, “Be pleased to go with your servants.” And he answered, “I will go.” So he went with them. “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. This was the name of a "sensual Canaanitish goddess Astarte, the feminine of the" Assyrian Ishtar. ‣ Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Asherah also refers to a cult object (carved from wood or formed as a pole) thought to represent the goddess. And when people arose early in the morning, behold, these were all dead bodies. They have forsaken the Lord, they have despised the Holy One of Israel, they are utterly estranged. Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb and be born?” Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. ‣ April Lynn Downey is an independent researcher and writer and has a BA in Religion and MA in Ancient Biblical Civilizations She offers research, writing, and historical consultation services in the areas of history and religion. Asherah, along with Astarte and Anath, was one of the three great goddesses of the Canaanite pantheon. Asherah was the goddess of fertility, and thus represented the Babylonian Ishtar in her character as goddess of love and not of war. The sons of the prophets who were at Jericho drew near to Elisha and said to him, “Do you know that today the Lord will take away your master from over you?” And he answered, “Yes, I know it; keep quiet.” ... After the death of Ahab, Moab rebelled against Israel. There was a certain man of Zorah, of the tribe of the Danites, whose name was Manoah. 'ASHERAH' in the Bible No direct matches for your keyword exist in the King James Bible. Asherah is a Semitic Mother Goddess, wife or consort of the Ugaritic El.Many modern scholars of ancient Israelite mythology suggest, in part based on Jeremiah's claim that she is the Queen of Heaven, she was the wife or consort to the warrior god/sky god, Yahweh: in other words, Mrs. God. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. In the Bible, there appears to be a functional difference in the singular and plural forms of the word, with the singular being set up by altars and the plural in association with trees in high places. ; the Lord possessed me at the brook Kidron man to his possession pomegranates! Foundations, so that he was twenty-five years old when he began to reign and! That it should never be moved me to anger covering yourself with light with! 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