My considered opinion is that in 90% of households in Gaelic Ireland rushes would have been strewn on the floor as both men and women wore far shorter garments than was the case in England. Rushes on the Floor - Sarah Woodbury Everywhere in medieval life, you read about ‘rushes’ on the floor. Grass is not free (on May 8, 1385, she pays Jehan dez Fourneaux 4 sous for grass for her chambers and hall; the entry says “a Jeh dez fourneaux pour hbe pour lez chambrez et la sale – IIII s”). Picture what happens if loose rushes were indeed used. Wow it’ sounds like you were there in person. I always wondered why people weren’t tripping on them. Jaelen House & Shadow Mountain full highlights vs Buckeye. In the late Medieval and early Renaissance periods, loose rushes gave way to woven or stitched rush mats on floors, which provided similar benefits but wore well and were easier to replace. You can see pictures of them here. You’re correct of course that medieval histories and novels all mention rushes on the floor. Some one broke into hysterical laughter, a woman sobbed, and then Norman of Torn, wiping his blade upon the rushes of the floor as he had done upon another occasion in that same hall, spoke quietly to the master of Leybourn. The step omitted is that the rushes, once gathered, were made into mats. Woven mats were a a later refinement. Rushes on the Floor One reads that "rushes were strewn upon the floor." [end of note] and remarkable for having the Communion-table in the centre of the building. Such plants usually have fragrant or astringent smells, and many also serve as insecticides or disinfectants. These reed-like plants were inexpensive and plentiful and, when mixed with fresh herbs, were a good way to cover dirt while sweetening the air. It was looking that word up that brought me here. Their use was widespread in England during the Middle Ages through to … It makes for an attractive, pleasantly scented floor covering. One can only imagine in all the rushes and straw on the floor the fleas, rodents and bugs in it. Perhaps more insights can be gained by looking into cultures beyond the West that have preserved and use ancient practices such as these can shed light into mysterious medieval practices. Good words without deeds are rushes and reeds. A decade ago, Taliban fighters waged a hit-and-run insurgency against U.S. and Afghan troops on the town’s unpaved streets and winding paths. Thank you all for your accidental assistance! Rushbearing is an old English ecclesiastical festival in which rushes are collected and carried to be strewn on the floor of the parish church. Rushes definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. If Scott was late, I’m a ‘century’ late. Plaiting them into mats that would last for several months seems a far more practical use for them. Carpets were used as well, but these more expensive floor coverings were often layered over rush mats for special occasions and removed for everyday use. In a place and time when more decorative textiles would be significant monetary investments, woven rush matting would provide important protection for the floors. Download this stock image: Fragrant rushes layered on the floor of Pistyll Church, Llyn Peninsula, north Wales - C3H9WY from Alamy's library of millions of high … Rushes Log 1. She has one bag with ice-cream, the other with several bottles in it. As Theon “shook off the rushes”. They picture Alexander the Great and the Twelve Apostles in Medieval dress without a qualm, though it is a 1300-year anachronism. Works best if reeds are laid in bundles and up to six inches deep. People weren’t roasting stags over an open fire in the center of the room. The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed up 53.92 points at 7,223.98 for the fourth... Get premium, high resolution news This is because the rushes are thick, long, and strong: short, fragile grass cannot be made into mats. This practice served to disguise dirt and debris while insulating rooms from the cold. I’m glad that was helpful! They were free, easy to cut, renewable, and easy to strew and replace. HAYDON MEDIA Rushes Log Production: Maps – Maroon 5 (Music Video) Producer: Zoe Ramsdale-Clark Filename Duration Description Comment MVI_9529.MOV 00:07:18 Actor takes chocolate box out of the cupboard, opens lid and lyrics inside box Opening shot MVI_9530.MOV 00:03:19 Phone lifted off counter to reveal lyric card positioned underneath Relates to the lyrics – shot … I dropped to the floor with him in my arms, humming a lullaby to keep us both calm, the cheerful tune a stark contrast to my sense that something was not right.” She continued: “I knew, as I clutched my firstborn child, that I was losing my second.” It makes some sense to use them in a kitchen to protect the wood floors but also they would have been a fire hazard. In this piece, the author rejects the idea of loosely strewn straw-like rushes (in rich households), because of the impracticality of the ladies of the house, with their sweeping gowns, navigating such domestic terrain. I don’t think the long-dress argument is very convincing. A trader rushes by on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange just before the closing bell on March 13, 2009. They are used in place of carpets though some richer places do have access to carpets. Required fields are marked *. The chamber was richly furnished. She sets More than 90% of Japan's rushes are cultivated in Kumamoto Prefecture, which also produces most tatami items. These scrolls (in series B, Archive Departementale de la Cote D’or) also record expenditures for straw mats, which were made and installed by trained professionals. Skirts and Rushes: a Medieval Mystery middleages middle For poor people who spent every waking moment struggling to merely insure more about rushes being used The floor of Lord Norths great Green rushes under your feet Spreading rushes in jstor 6 Jan 2017 was placed on the floor of the kitchen in houses of the poor in snowy The St. Brigids cross used to be made from rushes in this parish. Herbs, we know, were strewn in handfuls over the rushes, and expected to stay underfoot to scent the air when trod upon. I can’t speak to Martin’s decision to have rushes strewn on the floor. Fragrant, often medicinal herbs were sprinkled among the rushes partly to sweeten aging rushes and partly to discourage bugs and molds. People who walk in stables either are wearing ground-clearing garments, or lift their hems to clear. Great! Some of the links show them, and I fixed the featured image. Must have been a smelly mess too if animals were allowed in and garbage thrown on the floor. real life for the upper classes in the Middle Ages, https://www.gardenista.com/posts/rush-floor-matting-aka-medieval-or-apple/, http://ask.metafilter.com/133591/Skirts-and-Rushes-a-Medieval-Mystery, http://historicalnovelists.tripod.com/medlife.htm, https://ceeemstone.com/2016/05/20/historical-inaccuracy-rushes-strewn-on-the-floor/. In my previous (fact-based) historical novel When Winter Comes, my heroine lives in an earth-floored cabin which turns to thick mud in rain and snowmelt; and in my latest novel, the account books of the Earls of Rutland in the period of James 1 show that village women and children are paid for collecting rushes for use in the castle. All I know for sure as romantic as many books make the time period seem, it wasn’t a clean, healthy, safe environment. Once they were harvested, there wouldn’t be any more available for some time, so strewing them about the floor and then sweeping them up seems completely uneconomical and pointless. The servants bring in loads of green rushes in the spring, and spread them out on the castle floor. But the mats most certainly came later. Rushes provided good insulation and could help to keep the floor clean. Fascinating enquiry on a topic that has long puzzled me too. River rushes are always specified; mere grass will not do. I beg leave to doubt that armfuls of loose green stems were cast down ankle-deep, like straw in a stable. The whole purpose of the rushes being loose after all, was to be able to sweep them out when they became soiled. I keep thinking about this, and with all of the other things folk had to do daily, braiding rush mats for the floor seems a bit more work than necessary. Posted on May 3, 2016March 12, 201919 Comments. No infestations or bottom muck even despite a roosting hen! Loose rushes can be seen on some medieval illustrations. Loose rushes which were spread over the floor, this was costly, and was only used on special occasions. Both OE words appear to relate to the movement of one's feet; thresh (OE threscan) meaning to stamp or trample 3 and threshold (OE therscwold) being a place to step. When was Rushes - album - created? See 38 authoritative translations of Rushes in Spanish with example sentences and audio pronunciations. A clear swath is cleaned behind her, and the rushes pile up in a roll under her back hem. It was a status symbol, yet even in their homes, loose rushes would have been found in cooking areas and in privies, places populated by servant women, who wore shorter skirts, and it’s very likely that even noble women hitched their skirts up when need be to supervise servants. http://historicalnovelists.tripod. Wooden floors were still a norm of course, but brick, flagstone, or tile were being used. It’s not scattered in a thick pile, but loosely over the floor to give a fresh appearance. This is because the rushes are thick, long, and strong: short, fragile grass cannot be made into mats. A fool always rushes to the fore. This page has this to say, and started off my inquiry: “I was completely fascinated to find this page of notes about real life for the upper classes in the Middle Ages, and it addresses one of the things I’ve always wondered about. By the 1500’s, loose rushes on floors in all but the poorest of homes had given way to woven rush mats, found on floors in even the finest homes. Woven mats make more sense to me. One reads about the child and dogs running around and servants sleeping on the floors. As CM Stone writes: “The thing that I find so baffling about the loose rushes myth authors keep repeating is the fact that medieval/apple matting is not some obscure secret. Please note Sarah Woodbury is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program and the Apple Books affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to external retailer site. Kitchen floors no longer needed spill-absorbing rushes on them because flooring had changed. The rushes were probably coiled by the handful and stitched with the longer rushes, like modern raffia or straw mats, or woven with string, or plaited.”  http://historicalnovelists.tripod.com/medlife.htm. For Online Shop. I’m sure most of us think of a manger full of hay type situation all over the house, but doubtful this was the case. Fresh sweet flag plants, incorrectly termed "rushes," were periodically spread on medieval castle floors as a floor covering. It is not, and never has been, a noun used to designate floor rushes. Thanks everyone gor your take on the subject. That was until I read Ruth Goodman‘s excellent book How to be a Tudor published in Penguin in 2016. It is literally an altar-piece formed of stone, like a sacrificiary of the ancients. The floor, they covered with rushes. If it were me, and I had a dirt floor that would turn to mud every time it would rain I would probably think of putting something more substantial down too. It was surprisingly practical and problem free. When she reaches the stairs, or rather when her train does, that bundle is dropped on the top steps and partly dragged down them. I believe now, both were used. Brenda, Your email address will not be published. I’d love to see your citations if you could link to them?! They assume their readers know what they are talking about in everyday matters, because of course you live in the same world as they. These reed-like plants were inexpensive and plentiful and, when mixed with fresh herbs, were a good way to cover dirt while sweetening the air. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. I think so too, and upon further research, this rush mat notion might be more accurate: “One reads that “rushes were strewn upon the floor.” I beg leave to doubt that armfuls of loose green stems were cast down ankle-deep, like straw in a stable. It seem like they wouldn’t cause a huge mess, not stay where they were put, etc. Even before hems were exaggerated, the gowns were floor-length and often trained, as were robes and mantles. Can’t tell you all the details but it’s well worth reading. I know I am a bit late to this party, but I am currently sitting in front of a scroll in the Departmental Archives in Dijon which lists daily expenditures for the court of Margaret of Flanders. I, too, have had an issue with the notion of women in long gowns, walking around on loose rushes, whether or not they were sprinkled with herbs. The Tudors are known to have had woven mats on their floors: https://www.gardenista.com/posts/rush-floor-matting-aka-medieval-or-apple/, Could “rushes” just have been shorthand for “rush mats” in some cases where we have recorded references to this practice?”  http://ask.metafilter.com/133591/Skirts-and-Rushes-a-Medieval-Mystery. What’s the significance of ‘After Cilmeri’? 4 Fresh rushes spread on the floor of a house in honour of an esteemed guest who is a stranger; hence formerly as an exclamation of surprise or welcome on seeing a person who has been absent a long while; also in extended use. In highland Ethiopia, which retains some extremely ancient social and religious practices (the civilisation of the Ethiopian highlands relates to the Christian civilisation of the eastern Mediterranean), reeds (or fresh grass if reeds are not available)are routinely scattered on the floor, especially at times of celebration and festivals, with sedge being the preferred plant. Rushes - album - was created on 1998-09-21. The better one, to my thinking, is that any fibrous vegetable material–rushes, straw, etc–will attract insects and rodents. She hops down to the rushes means she hops down to the floor, which is covered with rushes. You can go see it in the environment it would have been used in historically right now.” https://ceeemstone.com/2016/05/20/historical-inaccuracy-rushes-strewn-on-the-floor/. River rushes are always specified; mere grass will not do. This is because the rushes are thick, long, and strong: short, fragile grass cannot be made into mats. People not only would get grass caught in their clothes, they’d slip and fall on it too. When original sources wrote that the rushes should be changed every season, certainly once a year in the spring after planting, they were not recording their behaviors for a foreign (in time) culture: they were advising their peers on good household management as opposed to slovenliness. I see no reason to believe that loose rushes (or straw) were not strewn on floors in the Medieval period. Makes sense to me. Rushes for floor covering came in two sorts. This makes a lot of sense. Milady arrives, approves the work, then crosses the chamber to go downstairs. Centre of the new York Stock Exchange just before the closing bell on March 13,.... Fresh sweet flag plants, incorrectly termed `` rushes, once gathered, were put etc. For making baskets and rushes are always specified ; mere grass will not do gathered, put! S the significance of ‘ after Cilmeri ’ lift their hems to clear well reading! 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