Elaine Paige was later cast in the title role when the concept album was adapted into a musical stage production in London's West End and won the 1978 Olivier Award for Best Performance in a Musical. She said her only ambition was that in the large chapter of history to be written about her husband, the footnotes would mention a woman who brought the "...hopes and dreams of the people to the president", a woman who eventually turned those hopes and dreams into "glorious reality". Ara replaced the subject's blood with glycerine in order to preserve the organs and lend an appearance of "artistically rendered sleep. Crassweller also notes that there were some cases of businesses being pressured to donate to the foundation, with negative repercussions resulting if requests for donations were not met. [page needed] In 2011, a Yale neurosurgeon, Dr. Daniel E. Nijensohn, studied Evita's skull x-rays and photographic evidence and said that Perón may have been given a prefrontal lobotomy in the last months of her life, "...to relieve the pain, agitation and anxiety she suffered in the final months of her illness. It was followed by Perón, his cabinet, Eva's family and friends, the delegates and representatives of the Partido Peronista Femenino—then workers, nurses and students of the Eva Peron Foundation. Eva Peron appears on the 100 peso note first issued in 2012 and scheduled for replacement sometime in 2018. You have a very complicated emotional world. Biographer Robert D. Crassweller claims that this moment was particularly powerful because it dramatically recalled important aspects of Argentine history. The musical began as a concept album co-produced by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice in 1976, with Julie Covington in the title role. In 1934, at the age of 15, Eva escaped her poverty-stricken village when she ran off with a young musician to the nation's capital of Buenos Aires. ", Nicholas Fraser writes that Evita is the perfect popular culture icon for our times because her career foreshadowed what, by the late 20th century, had become common. All I Ask of You #7. Eva and Juan were married discreetly in a civil ceremony in Junín on 18 October 1945 and in a church wedding on 9 December 1945 in La Plata. It consists of 5 letters and 3 syllables and is pronounced E-vi-ta. prostitute, fascist, profligate—Eva Perón was much maligned, mostly unfairly", http://evita3.marianobayona.com/disticon.html, http://evita3.marianobayona.com/14jun06.html, "Condecorada com a Ordem Nacional do Mérito a Senhora Eva Peron", https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/58/29/ea/5829ea9a5dc9baad81efee618664b88e.jpg, https://www.europeana.eu/api/v2/thumbnail-by-url.json?size=w400&uri=http%3A%2F%2Fvideo.archivioluce.com%2Ffoto%2Fhigh%2FATTUALITA%2FGP56%2FA00173095.jpg&type=IMAGE, The Evolution of Eva Perón in the North American Consciousness, Buenos Aires: Home of Evita, Forever Young and Beautiful, BBC Radio 4 programme about Perón's embalmed body, The Evita Project - a social media page dedicated to Evita and the preservation of her legacy, Spiritual Leader of the Nation of Argentina, Expulsion of Montoneros from Plaza de Mayo, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eva_Perón&oldid=993084587, Recipients of the Order of the Liberator General San Martin, Recipients of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Dames Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from October 2015, Articles needing additional references from October 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Articles needing additional references from October 2018, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Juan Duarte (father) and Juana Ibarguen (mother), Guy, Donna. On 28 March 1935, she had her professional debut in the play Mrs. Perez (la Señora de Pérez), at the Comedias Theater. As a result of her success with radio dramas and the films, Eva achieved some financial stability. [page needed]. Although her diagnosis was withheld from her by Juan, she knew she was not well, and a bid for the vice-presidency was not practical. You are responsible and generous, although somewhat scattering and disorganized at times.  Kevin Passmore writes that the Peronist regime, more than any other in Latin America, has been accused of being fascist. The different meanings of the name Evita are: Hebrew meaning: Life. Radio broadcasts throughout the country were interrupted with the announcement that "the Press Secretary's Office of the Presidency of the Nation fulfills its very sad duty to inform the people of the Republic that at 20:25 hours, Mrs. Eva Perón, Spiritual Leader of the Nation, died.  Eva promptly became the colonel's mistress. , It was Evita's work with the foundation that played a large role in her idealization, even leading some to consider her a saint. Isabel had Eva Perón's body returned to Argentina and (briefly) displayed beside her husband's. However, the following chart shows the popularity ranking for the name Eve, of which the name Evita is a variant.  The most successful rendering of Eva Perón's life has been the musical production Evita. In 1942, she was able to move into her apartment in the exclusive neighborhood of Recoleta, on 1567 Calle Posadas. Though Pope Pius XII did not give her a Papal decoration, she was allowed the time usually allotted to queens and was given a rosary. Che as well as Evita symbolize certain naive, but effective, beliefs: the hope for a better world; a life sacrificed on the altar of the disinherited, the humiliated, the poor of the earth. In 1980, Patti LuPone won the Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical for her performance as the title character in the Broadway production. Evita was even witnessed placing her hands in the suppurated wounds of the sick and poor, touching the leprous, and kissing the syphilitic. Eventually, Eva Duarte came to co-own the radio company. It has often been said that Evita had the government funding for the Sociedad cut off in retaliation. The Broadway production also won the Tony Award for Best Musical. [page needed], Shortly after Evita's death Pedro Ara, who was well known for his embalming skill, was approached to embalm the body. Interview with Tomas Eloy Martinez", "Interview with sir John Balfour in the documentary Eva Perón Queen of Hearts", "The woman behind the fantasy. The family was stigmatized by the abandonment of the father and by the illegitimate status of the children under Argentine law, and was consequently somewhat isolated. , During Perón's time, children born to unmarried parents did not have the same legal rights as those born to married parents. While visiting Argentina in 1947, Messersmith made the following statement: "There is not as much social discrimination against Jews here as there is right in New York or in most places at home.". Eventually, she declined the invitation to run for vice-president. The name Evita is of Spanish origin. How to use argentine in a sentence. They looked upon her as a lady bountiful who was dispensing Manna from heaven.. "It is not surprising", writes Crassweller, "that as her public crusades and her private adorations took on a narrowing intensity after 1946, they simultaneously veered toward the transcendental." What does Evita mean? On 15 January 1944, an earthquake occurred in the town of San Juan, Argentina, killing ten thousand people. At 11 pm, Juan Perón stepped onto the balcony of the Casa Rosada and addressed the crowd. country at the top bottom of america. Second wife of Juan Domingo Perón. John Balfour was the British ambassador in Argentina during the Perón regime, and describes Evita's popularity: She was by any standard a very extraordinary woman; when you think of Argentina and indeed Latin America as a men-dominated part of the world, there was this woman who was playing a very great role. From her humble beginnings in rural Argentina to moving to the capital of Buenos Aires to a pursue a career in entertainment and the arts, Evita went on to marry Juan Perón, who would become the president of Argentina, making Eva the … It was necessary to wait more than a year before the House of Representatives sanctioned it on 9 September 1947. Due to the works and health services of the foundation, for the first time in history there was no inequality in Argentine health care. Memory #16. Every aspect of the foundation was under Evita's supervision. Allegations that her body was the object of inappropriate attentions are derived from his description of an 'emotional necrophilia' by embalmers, Colonel Koenig and his assistant Arancibia. After these two events, Eva had had enough and, concluding the two-month tour, returned to Argentina. The wide support Evita's proposed candidacy generated indicated to him that Evita had become as important to members of the Peronist party as Juan Perón himself was. Categories: Argentine Names, Costa Rican Names, Cuban Names, Mexican Names, Nicknames or Pet Names, Peruvian Names, Puerto Rican Names, … See also the related categories, english, hebrew, and spanish. Evita Origin and Meaning. Though Argentina is secular in many respects, it is essentially a Catholic country. Evita: High flying adored, I've been called names, but that's the strangest. Before the monument to Evita was completed, Juan Perón was overthrown in a military coup, the Revolución Libertadora, in 1955. See more. However, your natural interest in others, coupled with your sympathetic reaction to problems, could draw you into emotional situations which may be difficult to get out of. Around 1955 the pamphleteer Silvano Santander employed the same strategy to concoct letters in which Evita figures as an accomplice of the Nazis. Los Toldos was a village in the dusty region of Las Pampas, with a reputation as a desolate place of abject poverty.  Law 13,010 established the equality of political rights between men and women and universal suffrage in Argentina. In the book Eva Perón: The Myths of a Woman, cultural anthropologist Julie M. Taylor claims that Evita has remained important in Argentina due to the combination of three unique factors: In the images examined, the three elements consistently linked—femininity, mystical or spirituality power, and revolutionary leadership—display an underlying common theme.  A desire to expunge this part of her life might have been a motivation for Eva to arrange the destruction of her original birth certificate in 1945. Don't Cry for Me Argentina #3. , In May 1944, it was announced that broadcast performers must organize themselves into a union, and that this union would be the only one permitted to operate in Argentina. [page needed] Despite the fact that Eva Perón never held a political office, she was eventually given a state funeral usually reserved for a head of state, along with a full Roman Catholic Requiem Mass. On 26 July 2012, to commemorate the sixtieth anniversary of Evita's death, notes were issued in a value of 100 pesos. The exchange between Evita and the crowd of two million became, for a time, a genuine and spontaneous dialogue, with the crowd chanting, "¡Evita, Vice-Presidente!" of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, in an attempt to eradicate her advanced cervical cancer. Ambassador George S. Messersmith. You have a hard time expressing your feelings. The meaning of Evita is "life". Eva also visited Switzerland during her European tour, a visit that has been viewed as the worst part of the trip. On Saturday, 9 August, the body was transferred to the Congress Building for an additional day of public viewing, and a memorial service attended by the entire Argentine legislative body. Taylor speculates that Evita's awareness of this may have influenced her decision to have the law changed so that "illegitimate" children would henceforth be referred to as "natural" children. From 1955 until 1971, the military dictatorship of Argentina issued a ban on Peronism. She promised France two shipments of wheat. "As Evita's health continued to deteriorate that month, the city of Quilmes resolved to change its name to 'Eva Perón,' and Congress, after a special legislative session, devoted to eulogies of 'the most remarkable woman of any historical epoch', gave her the title Jefe Espiritual de la Nacion (Spiritual Leader of the Nation). E vita as a name for girls is a Hebrew name, and the name Evita means "life, animal". They were the first women active in Argentine politics. Looking for the definition of EVITA? As a baby girl name, Evita is currently not a popular baby name in the USA. You are known as a reasonable person. While the monument was being constructed, Evita's embalmed body was displayed in her former office at the CGT building for almost two years. Biographer John Barnes writes that, after this abandonment, all Duarte left to the family was a document declaring that the children were his, thus enabling them to use the Duarte surname. Kirchner says she does not want to compare herself to Evita, claiming she was a unique phenomenon in Argentine history. What does Evita mean?  Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, the first woman elected President of Argentina, claims that women of her generation owe a debt to Eva for "her example of passion and combativeness".  Later that year, she signed a five-year contract with Radio Belgrano, which assured her a role in a popular historical-drama program called Great Women of History, in which she played Elizabeth I of England, Sarah Bernhardt, and the last Tsarina of Russia. Meaning Of Name, Analysis, Origin And Statistics, Meaning Of Name, Analysis, Origin and Statistics, List Of Celebrities With First Name Evita, How To Say Evita in American Sign Language. its known beacause of its high party level, country where people starts 'the night' at 2 am and gets back home at 8 am at least. Evita was a very important part of her husband's power: although he was beloved by the poor and working classes, she was even more so. Members of the Peronist opposition speculated that the true purpose of the European tour was to deposit funds in a Swiss bank account. The perception of the Peróns as fascists may have been enhanced during Evita's 1947 European tour during which she was a guest of honour of Francisco Franco. The titles given to Eva Peron are the following:, Women's Peronist Party and women's suffrage, Re-election and Spiritual Leader of the Nation, Fraser & Navarro (1996:158). The intensity of the support she drew from these groups is said to have surprised even Juan Perón himself. The masses of the people on the other hand worshipped her. [page needed] Fraser and Navarro counter these claims, writing that Ramón Cereijo, the Minister of Finance, did keep records, and that the foundation "began as the simplest response to the poverty [Evita] encountered each day in her office" and to "the appalling backwardness of social services—or charity, as it was still called—in Argentina. The museum, created by her great-niece Cristina Alvarez Rodriguez, houses many of Eva Perón's clothes, portraits, and artistic renderings of her life, and has become a popular tourist attraction. Evita Origin and Meaning. During these meetings with the poor, Evita often kissed the poor and allowed them to kiss her. To this day, 17 October is something of a holiday for the Justicialist Party in Argentina (celebrated as Día de la Lealtad, or "Loyalty Day"). On 4 June 1952, Evita rode with Juan Perón in a parade through Buenos Aires in celebration of his re-election as President of Argentina. After his release from prison, Juan Perón decided to campaign for the presidency of the nation, which he won in a landslide. Our awesome collection of Information and translations of evita in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. She met Colonel Juan Perón on 22 January 1944 during a charity event at the Luna Park Stadium to benefit the victims of an earthquake in San Juan, Argentina. ", Published in Argentina in 1952; subsequently published in English-speaking countries under the titles, Act 495, from the Church "Capellanía Vicaria de Nuestra Señora del Pilar" registry of Baptisms for the year 1919, baptism took place on 21 November 1919, Prutsch, U.: Eva Perón. It appeared that her body had been damaged during its transport and storage, such as compressions to her face and disfigurement of one of her feet due to the body having been left in an upright position. In retaliation, the periodical was banned from Argentina for several months. What does evita mean? The Music of the Night #4. ), Eva Duarte had no knowledge of or interest in politics prior to meeting Perón; therefore, she never argued with Perón or any of his inner circle, but merely absorbed what she heard. She began to pursue jobs on the stage and the radio, and she eventually became a film actress. Although not a government holiday, the anniversary of Eva Perón's death is marked by many Argentines each year. This moniker is graceful and fierce, but people will be singing “Don’t Cry For Me Argentina” for the rest of your daughter’s life. , In The Woman with the Whip, the first English-language biography of Eva Perón, author Mary Main writes that no account records were kept for the foundation, because it was merely a means of funneling government money into private Swiss bank accounts controlled by the Peróns. Argentina A country of southeast South America stretching about 3,700 km from its border with Bolivia to southern Tierra del Fuego. Ibarguren and her children were forced to move to the poorest area of Junín. Perón's government was the first to court the Argentine Jewish community and the first to appoint Jewish citizens to public office. "[page needed] After the play, Eva was determined to become an actress. Perón died in office in 1974. In many of her speeches, Evita argued that it was the country’s oligarchy that upheld antisemitic attitudes, but that Peronism did not.”, Juan Perón's opponents had from the start accused Perón of being a fascist. Although this was not an unusual practice for wealthy Argentines, "there are many more convenient and less conspicuous ways of depositing money in Swiss accounts than meeting the Swiss Foreign Minister and being shown around a watch factory,"  and it was unlikely that a Swiss bank account existed. Often, Perón's own speeches were played during the program. He wrote that the allegations were untrue: She was not a fascist—ignorant, perhaps, of what that ideology meant. Eva gave "exhaustion" as the official reason for not going on to Britain. Immediately after Perón's death, the government suspended all official activities for a couple of days and ordered all flags to be flown at half-staff for ten days. Once Evita's body arrived in Argentina, the Montoneros gave up Aramburu's corpse and abandoned it in a street in Buenos Aires. It is true that (Juan) Perón facilitated the entrance of Nazi criminals to Argentina in 1947 and 1948, thereby hoping to acquire advanced technology developed by the Germans during the war. In 1936, Eva toured nationally with a theater company, worked as a model, and was cast in a few B-grade movie melodramas. Though it was unnecessary from a practical standpoint, Evita set aside many hours per day to meet with the poor who requested help from her foundation. In your work, you would seek a position offering self-expression through contact with people, such as sales or teaching, or a position giving scope to your creative, artistic talents. The different meanings of the name Evita are: Hebrew meaning: Life; Spanish meaning: Little Eva; The meaning of the name “Evita” is different in several languages, countries and cultures and has more than one possibly same or different meanings available. Commenting on the international perception of Evita during her 1947 European tour, Fraser and Navarro write, "It was inevitable that Evita be viewed in a fascist context. "...even she could not have foreseen her sudden transformation, from Latin American politician and religiose national cult figure to late-twentieth-century popular culture folk heroine. The full meaning of Evita becoming president in the title role the city many. 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