The Homestead Act of 1862 was fraught with several problems including: 1. The achievements and limitations of the Act. account? Already a Member but The act, which offered 160 acres of land to any qualified homesteader who paid a modest filing fee, built a home, planted at least 10 acres of crops and remained on his or her claim for at least five years, has been called the most important act ever passed for the benefit of the American people. James Buchanan vetoed it. But as the agricultural frontier advanced into the vast, treeless tracts of the western High Plains, settlers were forced to make do with the resources at hand. The intentions of the Act were high-minded and it successfully transferred millions of acres into private ownership. These 160-acre plots were known as homesteads. And that often meant building a “soddie” from plowed strips of buffalo grass, or excavating a dugout in the side of a hill. Hi, thanks for stopping by. In fact, only two of every 100 Americans now live on a farm, and less than 1 percent of the 300 million people in our country claim farming as their occupation. Buying a homestead was known as ‘filing a claim’. Eventually, many farms across the High Plains would be planted to hard red winter wheat. Almost five times as much land was given away, for free, to immigrants as was reserved for all Indian nations combined. Worth 8 marks, you get will get two sections of lines to fill in (one per consequence) Pupils then consolidate their learning by explaining two consequences of the Homestead Act as per the Edexcel GCSE Paper 2 question One ‘The American West’. July/August 2010. In the 1860’s, people in the Great Plains didn’t really have ranches; they planted crops because it … Prior to the act, the U.S. government auctioned or sold public land in large lots that ordinary citizens could not afford to buy or manage. Her grandfather later claimed his own homestead in South Dakota. The government had never before offered the people free land, especially not in such large quantities either. When she was small, my mother and her family lived for a time in a “basement house,” a single room excavated from the ground and covered with a temporary roof until the cash was available to complete the aboveground part of the house. You can still find their descendants living in places like Denmark, Kansas; Bruno, Nebraska; New Holland, South Dakota; Bismarck, North Dakota; and Glasgow, Montana. HOMESTEAD ACT (1862) The Homestead Act, passed by the Republican-dominated Congress during the American Civil War (1861 – 1865), was intended to place public land in the hands of western settlers. The East generally had livestock, and many of the ranches there had animals such as cattle, sheep, and pigs. grandfather brought his family to the United States from Germany in the 1880s to claim a homestead in northeastern Nebraska. It is located west of Beatrice, about 40 miles south of the state capital of Lincoln. don't have an online Not only were men and women moving out into a place they knew little about, they were facing elements that they had previously been warned about by those before them. My maternal grandfather left his boyhood home near Springfield, Illinois, in the early 1900s to homestead 160 acres of prairie in western Nebraska. They came from Germany and Czechoslovakia, from Sweden and Norway, from England and Russia. Supporting my conclusion is the formation of the U.S. Department of Labor, and the formation of many other unions. Congress had tried to pass a homestead act for decades, but the measures were always blocked by Southern politicians. The Homestead Act of 1862 was a result of vigorous agitation by many western settlers. My wife and I are among them. Under the Homestead Act… ... How did the government use the Sherman antitrust act to end the Pullman strike of 1894. A shortage of Land Agents and Investigators to administer the program 5. The Homestead Act came with many positive impacts as well as negative impacts. Farmers in the United States each year now produce more than $200 billion of cattle, hogs, poultry and eggs, grains, fruit, vegetables, and dairy products. The Homestead Act came with many positive impacts as well as negative impacts. However, in implementation the Act failed to live up to many of its designs. Sign in with your online account. The South feared westward expansion, because it would likely tip the balance between free and slave states, thus diminishing the South’s economic and political power. Southerners opposed the act on the grounds that it would result in antislavery people settling the territories. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. In 1860 Congress finally passed a Homestead Act, but Democratic Pres. The Homestead National Monument of America is located on the original homestead claim of Daniel Freeman, who filed his claim January 1, 1863, and is considered America’s first homesteader. The Homestead Act was relatively successful. The Homestead Act is also important for its controversy. The act, which offered 160 acres of land to any qualified homesteader who paid a modest filing fee, built a home, planted at least 10 acres of crops and remained on his or her claim for at least five years, has been called the most important act ever passed for the benefit of the American people. The effect that the Homestead Act had on almost every element of the Western Frontier came with positive aspects as well as negative ones. Lush fields of corn and soybeans thrive under sprinkler irrigation systems, and cattle grow fat in pastures and feedlots. The Homestead Strike changed the traditional American business environment by creating new laws and the awareness of the need for peace in business world. This was unavoidable in the expansion of the United States into the West. The Indians living on the land, the animals within it, the frontiersman, and the natural resources were all influenced by the metaphorical fire the Homestead Act had ignited. Which statement is the most accurate assessment of have the Homestead union was destroyed. By paying now with a credit card, you save an additional $6 and get 6 issues of GRIT for only $16.95 (USA only). Already a Member? Homestead Act. It ultimately helped create the most productive agricultural economy the world has ever seen. Like to read more content, Join the Grit Community Today. 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