Broccoli can withstand below-freezing temperatures and can be harvested in late autumn or early spring. The clusters of flowers face downward and are surrounded by soft hairy calyces. Potted strawberry plants are a bit more susceptible to the freezing temperatures of winter than those planted in the ground. Spinach will survive the winter months. ZZ Plant. To view some good specimens of these winter beauties, visit the UBC Botanical Garden or the superb Doris Page Winter Garden at the Horticulture Centre of the Pacific on Vancouver Island anytime from December through February. Potted strawberries need a bit of extra protection to survive winter. It can reach two feet in height and width. This lovely quote from the book Shrubs by Roger Phillips and Martyn Rix (Random House) says it all: “Prunus mume is of great and defined beauty, but rare in cultivation.” If you stumble upon one in a garden centre, buy it, bring it home and plant it immediately. The Siberian Iris isn’t only resistant to cold winters, being hardy in Zone 3, but it is also animal pest-resistant and can handle both wet and dry soils. In fact, ours at the UBC Botanical Garden thrives in poor soil with absolutely no moisture retention. It’s so tough, it can take over your garden if you don’t keep an eye on it. Look for unusual leaf colour like blue spruce, Juniper Blue Star or yellow and gold conifers. Jonathan is a member of Landscape Ontario, the International Concrete Paving Industry (ICPI), Canadian Nursery Landscape Association (CNLA), and is a Tech-Pro contractor. It combines information about a variety of climatic conditions across the entire country to produce a single map. It is a small tree hardy to –15°C. And the most amazing thing is that just like clockwork, their blossoms start to show colour early to mid-February, whatever the weather. Gardeners have many reasons to feel fortunate about living in B.C., and the ability to enjoy colourful blooms even in the depth of winter is certainly one of them. During winter, the plants want to rest and will not produce much, if any, new growth. Evergreens don’t have to be green. +1-855-908-2882 You can also try berrying shrubs like holly, cotoneaster and pyracantha. Collards tolerate freezing temperatures, and can even be harvested throughout the winter in Zone 8 and higher. They lend a completely different texture to a winter landscape bed. In gardening, winter is defined as the time of year when most perennials become dormant. The early winter flowers tend to be white whereas those that open from December onward are quite pink. Winters may be long and cold, but your garden can allay that dreariness and be transformed into a place of natural beauty with visually arresting textures, colors, fragrance and flowers. Outdoor container gardens typically involve annual plant species that are discarded come late fall and replaced with new plants each spring. These pretty perennials have a long lifespan and actually need a cold period in order to have a healthy bloom in spring. Growing garlic couldn't be easier and there are lots of varieties to choose from for autumn … To help your perennials rest through the freeze/thaw cycle, trim back dead foliage and cover with mulch for insulation. One member of the sedum family—Dragon’s Blood—turns red in autumn. Talk to your local Ottawa landscaping experts to design a lush, vibrant garden that will survive and even thrive in the cold fall and winter months. It has the deepest-red trusses of flowers that are heavy with nectar (while the nectar tastes sweet, too much can be toxic). Let's look at some popular plants exhibiting these characteristics. Persimmon. Many varieties of this gorgeous pink-and-yellow nodding flower are hardy to Zone 4. Copyright © Canada Wide Media Limited. What’s more, they won’t rot, mold or mildew for years of use. However the hybrid gets its name from the famous Bodnant Gardens in North Wales where it originated in 1935. As a small tree it can reach eight metres in height, making it ideal as a specimen tree for the smaller garden. Please join me for an update on our winter garden after a week of subzero temperatures and a low of -23°F (-31°C). This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. There are a lot of great things you can do for your garden in the fall and winter. In fact, the southern coast and southern Vancouver provide ideal growing conditions for a number of winter-flowering plants. Here are some of the best flowers that will either grow or survive underground in fall and winter. Snow and frost do not deter them. Also known as Bee Balm, Monarda is rich in nectar and is hardy to Zone 4. These shrubs flower from spring to mid-summer. For a winter harvest, plant a generous amount in slightly alkaline soil in early to mid August. All Rights Reserved. In cold-winter climate areas, many container-grown perennials, trees, and shrubs can’t be left out in the elements — even if the same plants growing in the ground are perfectly hardy. To grow brassicas in winter, plant them in an outdoor seedbed in late spring or early summer. One particular grouping in a garden close to UBC used to always bloom late December or early January. Save money and enjoy the bounty of your own vegetable garden with these veggies that can grow through winter. Winter Greenhouse Gardening in Canada? Some are hardy to zone 5, and I saw some doing beautifully in a Kamloops garden earlier this year. Plant Combinations, Flowerbeds Ideas, Winter Garden, Early Spring Garden. During this time they rely on their storage organs to survive while resting underground. I have also seen people treat it as a shrub by keeping it pruned. Borders and clusters of flowers attract more pollinators than solitary flowers dispersed throughout the garden. Time to spruce up your landscaping? You can also start them indoors in seed trays or pots. Canada's #1 Indoor & House Plants Delivery Service! Perennials Sedum. As far as soil goes, this viburnum isn’t too fussy. This frost-resistant flower thrives in shady gardens and most soils and climates since it is hardy in Zones 2 to 7. In the years since he’s quickly earned a reputation for high-quality work with creative designs and has been recognized in several industry-leading publications. Cornus mas is better known as Cornelian cherry for the fruits that form later in the year. On the coast it often starts to bloom before its leaves have dropped in early November and continues on and off right through to late February. ‘Purrsian Blue’ Catmint is also deer resistant and drought tolerant. I didn’t have a camera at the time but the image remains vivid in my mind. Eventually it will reward you with bloom late February or early March. It’s also a favourite food among birds that stick around Ottawa for winter. But with that said, winter care is pretty simple and straightforward as long as you bring them in out of harms way. The following is a list of popular plants for adding visual interest in winter. Ours was threatened with being taken out when it was seven years old, but it bloomed heavily that year and has every year since. The many clusters of minute, star-like, yellow flowers that cover this small tree in late February are often mistaken from afar for witch hazel (Hamamelis). You can see a beautiful white-flowered specimen in The Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Classical Chinese Garden … Aloe Vera is one of the easy indoor winter plants. You betcha. In a few weeks or months, depending on where you live, you will need to prepare your garden for the winter months. As a tropical plant, it requires a warm temperature, but it does not… Hostas – Hardy to zone three, these shade loving perennials can survive some pretty tough weather … The key to their success is well-drained soil, making them ideal for planting on slopes or in raised beds. Potato crops can thrive in cold winters. 14 day happiness guarantee + Fast delivery anywhere in Canada. Plant bulbs that flower in the spring; Pull up any dying plants/remove dead … The sweetly scented flowers are borne in tight clusters at the tip of every branch and side spur. Discover how our team of certified Ottawa landscapers can help you fulfill your home’s potential. This is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the winter-flowering plants available to B.C. Call: Plants and Flowers That Can Withstand Canadian Winters, Pros of Working with an In-House Landscape Designer, Common Landscaping Mistakes Cottage Owners Make. How do you put your garden to bed for winter? This evergreen is drought-resistant and can withstand the harshest North American winters. Like hostas, primroses have shallow roots that should be protected by mulch in the winter to retain moisture. Previous Next. Heavy frost can damage open blossoms, but there are so many flowers to follow that as soon as the temperature rises above freezing they start opening again. Primrose. Technically the tree is an apricot native to China but widely grown in Japan, hence its often-used common name, Japanese apricot. Although Ottawa gets unbearably cold in winter, you can still have a beautiful garden year-round with the right plants and flowers. In 2008, following a successful career as a member of the Canadian Alpine Ski Team, Jonathan Robert stepped into the landscaping industry, starting Jonathan Robert Landscapes. See 10 tips on how to winterize your garden beds—from covering garden soil to protecting trees and shrubs. It isn’t too fussy about soil conditions but hates to have waterlogged roots over winter. From the editors of BCLiving, a seasonal subscription box of beauty products & decor treasures. The following are some hardy perennials that will survive Ottawa’s toughest winters. As with many woody plants, the best blossoms are carried on younger wood (in our case, two-year-old wood). Plant one near an entry to your home so its fragrance can be enjoyed by everyone who comes and goes. To help them survive the winter and look beautiful next summer, cut down the stems and add 3 to 4 inches of mulch for insulation. Also a popular plant with fairy gardens, primrose is hardy in Zones 3-8 and prefers light shade. Some plants might not survive over winter! Boxwood Hedge is a favourite for landscaping in Ottawa. While lettuce grows better in spring and autumn, you can keep it growing indoors throughout the winter. These NuVue Synthetic Winter Wrapz™ plant covers are universally sized for tree, shrub, hanging plant or outdoor items. To add winter interest, consider leaving the seed heads on the plant. However, if you live in a more northern climate, planting the vine in a container is the best way to go. It requires a good deciduous woodland-type soil, so any leafy compost is ideal for its success. The original map was developed in the 1960's for trees and shrubs. These pretty perennials have a long lifespan and actually need a cold period in order to have a healthy bloom in... Monarda. In the Asian garden at UBC, when all the rhododendrons were planted 20 years ago, their planting holes were filled with compost derived from city street leaves that had been composting for four years or more. Plant hellebore, also known as lenten rose, for distinctive flowers and foliage in winter … It seems to prefer well-drained soil conditions although it responds well to a light top dressing of compost each spring. To help Wild Columbine and other perennials survive well in the winter, consider lightly covering their garden beds with shredded fall leaves. This succulent can withstand Zones 3 to 4 winters. This one is also only suitable for the milder parts of the province where it can tolerate temperatures down to –15°C. Today, instead of going over the hundreds of ways to winterize, I wanted to share 5 … To help them bloom spring, trim back dead foliage in autumn. Winterberries like full sun and moist soil, and will add great color to your winter garden. SOFT WINTER COVERS. This slow-growth evergreen shrub is small and has stunning yellow-green leaves. They store nutrients in storage organs, such as bulbs, tap roots, and tubers, throughout the spring and summer. One of the most winter-hardy fruits is the wild persimmon. Kale will usually survive freezing temperatures, but you can protect the leaves from … Christmas rose, Helleborus niger, is the first of the hellebores to flower, usually in … While some plants can survive winter, others will die. It can grow up to three feet tall, and it develops stunning flowers in white, pink, red, orange, and purple. This tree comes to us from Europe, is hardy to –25°C and so easy to grow throughout much of B.C. BCLiving keeps you in the know on everything West Coast, highlighting local trends, eats, entertainment and travel ideas. Thus, in preparing for winter, it's crucial to understand just what kind of cold affects your garden. Mandevilla plants in winter survive the season in fine shape if you live in a tropical climate that falls within the temperature ranges of USDA plant hardiness zones 9 and above. Collards will taste sweeter if harvested after a frost. Winter typically marks the end to gardening season for most Canadians, but fortunately for many British Columbians, we can grow winter plants and flowers year-round. Ours is pale pink and when in bloom reminds me of a beautiful brush-painted scroll from the Orient. However, many perennial plants such as roses, peonies, and hibiscus can also be grown outdoors in containers and kept alive through winter. Again, this is a generalization and many of the varietals in each family will have more or less cold-hardiness. The berries grow in autumn and last into the winter. The trick is to wait until after the blooms have finished (usually in April) to give the plants a haircut with your hedging shears. Most primroses bloom in spring or summer—but the English primrose starts showing off in winter. Because winter flowers bloom during the darkest days of the year, they are all the more precious and deserve a place in your garden that is not only sheltered, but that allows you to easily view the blooms from the comfort of your favourite chair indoors. A favourite Christmas decoration, the Winterberry is a deciduous holly that has bright red berries throughout the winter. This flower blooms in late spring to early summer. Cold is the major factor inducing plant dormancy. Once the plants are hardened by … gardeners. Conifers take a back seat; their value to winter landscapes goes without saying, so we're limiting their representation to two entries here. We list vegetables, herbs, berry patches, perennials, roses, trees and shrubs so you're covered! This evergreen can withstand the arctic cold of Siberia, so it will undoubtedly survive Ottawa’s frigid winters. To add winter interest, consider leaving the seed heads on the... Peony. Also known as Echinacea, most varieties of this pretty wildflower are hardy to Zone 3 or 4. At maturity the shrub is only about two metres in height and needs to be planted on a bank or above a retainer wall so that one can view the flowers from below. Winter-hardy succulents like many Sedum, Sempervivum, Agave, Ice Plant, Lewisa, and Yucca will overwinter well up to Zone 5-6 and higher. At least that’s what I’m working towards. This will encourage many good flower spikes the following winter. This herb can withstand the coldest winter months and is an excellent addition to soups and teas. By cultivating a variety of plants that flower successively throughout the fall, winter and spring, you can help feed the bees during the coldest months when few blooms are available. While some of these plants are hardy in Interior and northern gardens, keep in mind that they may not bloom in these regions until early spring. Firethorn shrubs add colour to the landscape year-round. Frilly pink ornamental cabbages look great in containers while photinia and euonymous light up borders. Prunus mume is the much-revered winter plum of ancient classical Chinese gardens. He works hard to stay on top of current guidelines, practices, and regulations. Cold weather slows down plant growth. David Tarrant is a well-known gardening expert, author, and host of "Spring," currently on HGTV. And it has lovely winter foliage that lasts until spring. With these winter landscaping plant tips from your local Ottawa landscaping professionals, your garden can survive and be beautiful year-round, even in the coldest weather. Viburnum x bodnantense is a cross between V. farreri and V. grandiflorum, both of which are quite lovely in their own natural forms. Popular Plants for Visual Interest in Winter . Its vibrant mint green changes to a purple-brown once the cold weather arrives. If you start your brassicas indoors, transfer them into the ground outside once they grow into seedlings with a few sets of leaves. With shrubs older than three or four years, don’t be afraid to prune out one or two of the oldest branches right to the ground soon after flowering has finished in the spring. This wonderful rhododendron comes to us from the Himalayas and blooms as early as February in milder winters. With a little care, your clematis in winter will do just fine and return with an abundance of blooms next season. Known for its vibrant red twigs, the Red Twig Dogwood stays red year-round, making for a nice complement to evergreens in your winter garden. If shielded from the wind, this winter flower will add a burst of colour to your snowy garden. This is my second year with a greenhouse for the winter months, but as we moved in September and the greenhouse was full of weeds, this is really my first year aiming for more winter vegetables. The other advantage of having this shrub at nose level is that the flowers smell delicately of lemon. Erica carnea or winter-blooming heather is terribly under-used in coastal gardens. To enhance the beauty of these winter gems, be sure to give them a dark backdrop, such as an evergreen hedge or dark-stained fence. And then lasting through winter with silver foliage. Try growing brassicas in your winter garden. Rhododendron barbatum isn’t as easy to find in garden centres but is worth seeking out at specialized nurseries or rhododendron society sales. It is native to the mountains of Europe and Asia Minor. While your lavender is indoors for winter, follow these practices: Watering: They need less water in winter, too; wait until the top inch of soil feels dry before giving them a drink. They just need nutrient-rich soil, mulch, and protection from pests. Prunus mume is the much-revered winter plum of ancient classical Chinese gardens. Violas | Take it from the alpine mountains where these flowers bloom gloriously even in the freezing … Read his GardenWise blog! The other advantage of having this shrub at nose level is that the flowers smell delicately of lemon. For over 50 years, Jonathan Robert Landscapes has been transforming homes to match the vision and dreams of our clients. This time can vary from early September in some parts of the country to late December in others. This succulent can withstand Zones 3 to 4 winters. This will allow every bloom to show up to perfection. Perennials are known to last the winter, resting until the warm weather returns. Preparing Your Garden For Winter. In winter, the lack of sunlight prevents green plants from photosynthesizing and creating food and the below-freezing temperatures stop water circulation in the plant’s sap. How to Prepare Clematis for Winter Clematis winter preparation starts with snipping off spent blooms, also known as deadheading. Cabbages and Kales Ornamental kale and cabbage are some of the most popular winter annual plants. It is a shrub that reaches about three metres in height and is hardy to –20°C. Kale is one of the easiest plants to grow and cold weather only sweetens its flavor. The synthetic materials used provide superior performance and longevity over natural fiber products. Galanthus nivalis is an amazing little snowdrop hardy to zone 4, making it definitely garden-worthy throughout much of the province. Cyclamen blooms in fall with stunning flowers. It helps clear bronchitis and mucus as well. While these shrubs are known for their white bulbs and berries, they also come in different colours, like pink and red. Hosta grows back bigger and better every spring after even the harshest winters. We searched for these snowdrops every year to remind ourselves that spring was just around the corner, even if it was still January. Enjoyed by everyone who comes and goes early January autumn and winter,! 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Involve annual plant species that are discarded come late fall and replaced with new plants each spring flowers! Tree comes to the winter-flowering plants available to B.C its often-used common,...